American Glass

Is Italian glass harder than American glass?

Is Italian glass truly less porus or denser? Is it easier to blow certian types of glass or crystals? I know very little about glass blowing, but it always intrested me!
Thanks

How to blow glass

Originally glass was melted in furnaces from ingredients such as soda, potash, various compounds, limestone and sand. These raw materials transform into glass in a temperature above 2000 F. Next the glass is left alone in order to allow air bubbles to be released. There are 3 furnaces involved in glass blowing. The fist one contains molten glass, the second furnace or the ‘glory hole’ is used to reheat a art piece throughout its creation, and the last furnace, the lire, is used to cool the glass for hours or days – this furnace also prevents the glass from cracking and changing shape. Tools used include a bench, marver, blocks, jacks, paddles, tweezers, shears, punty and a blowpipe. Initially, the blowpipe is dipped into the molten glass in the first furnace and gathered. Next the glass is rolled on the marver which is a slab of steel or marble. This is important in forming a cool, harder exterior skin on the molten glass so that it can be blow effectively. Air is then blown into the blowpipe in order to create the glass art.

Glass blowing history

The first evidence of glass blowing was found to date back to 27BC in Syria. The Syrians formed the glass medium around cores of mud and then quickly inflated them into large, clear, leak free containers. This technique spread to the Roman world and was adopted by the Venetians, especially on the island of Murano. Venice became the center of the highest quality glass manufacturing of the medieval period. The glass blowers of Venice were the best in the world at the time, boasting years of training and skill, and a variety of colors that could not be found elsewhere. Venetian glass blowers were so valued that they were sentenced to death if they attempted to escape Venice. This would not only release their trade secrets to the world, but it would also destroy Venice as a main trading centre for glass blown goods including glasses, flasks, glass jewelry, gold encrusted glass vessels and so on. The modern glass blowing movement was the “Studio Glass Movement”, which began in 1962 with chemist Dominick Labino and ceramics professor Harvey Littleton. They combined their efforts to experiment with melted glass and a small furnace and eventually began creating blown glass art. These two individuals sparked the advent of glass blowing as a private artform – possible in private studios. Famous decorative glass artists like Dale Chihuly, and Lino Tagliapietra embraced glass blowing art and became creative leaders of the times. Dale Chihuly started the Pilchich Glass School in Washington, which became a huge contributor to the American Studio Glass movement. Dante Morioni was the first Murano trained Italian artist to leave Venice and share his knowledge with the USA in 1971. This fueled more interest and admiration of the blown glass art. Today, glassblowing is one of the fastest growing hobbies in North America.

Find American Glass On eBay Below:

CHARMING ANTIQUE American GOD BLESS OUR HOME Frit Glass Paperweight Pre 1900
CHARMING ANTIQUE American GOD BLESS OUR HOME Frit Glass Paperweight Pre 1900
$34.00
Beautiful Vintage AMERICAN Made DOLLY Art Glass Paperweight in Green Glass
Beautiful Vintage AMERICAN Made DOLLY Art Glass Paperweight in Green Glass
$19.00
RETRO HAZEL ATLAS OPAQUE EARLY AMERICAN CREAMER SUGAR
RETRO HAZEL ATLAS OPAQUE EARLY AMERICAN CREAMER SUGAR
$24.95
American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Flat Celery Heart Shape Punties c1880
American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Flat Celery Heart Shape Punties c1880
$58.00
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Cigarette Box Jewel Box 1752841
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Cigarette Box Jewel Box 1752841
$269.95
Vintage American Pattern Pressed Glass Triangle Teardrop Tab Handle Serving Bowl
Vintage American Pattern Pressed Glass Triangle Teardrop Tab Handle Serving Bowl
$11.19
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 027 Two 2 Water Goblets 6 7 8
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 027 Two 2 Water Goblets 6 7 8
$22.45
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED BOWL CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSESBRILL
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED BOWL CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSESBRILL
$125.00
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 026 Two 2 Low Water Goblets 5 1 2
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 026 Two 2 Low Water Goblets 5 1 2
$20.65
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED CANDY DISH TRINKET CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED CANDY DISH TRINKET CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
$125.00
Vintage Snack Set American made Anchor Hocking new old stock in box 8 piece
Vintage Snack Set American made Anchor Hocking new old stock in box 8 piece
$5.95
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 015 Iced Tea Glass or Goblet 5 3 4
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 015 Iced Tea Glass or Goblet 5 3 4
$15.75
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FLOWER VASE CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FLOWER VASE CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
$125.00
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT LARGE PITCHER CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT LARGE PITCHER CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
$125.00
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 024 Set of Two 2 Wine Goblets 4 1 2
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 024 Set of Two 2 Wine Goblets 4 1 2
$19.75
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Cigarette Box 143725
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Cigarette Box 143725
$64.95
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED CAKE PLATE CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
VINTAGE AMERICAN BRILLIANT FOOTED CAKE PLATE CUT GLASS FROSTED ROSES
$125.00
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 030 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 030 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
$17.95
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 031 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 031 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
$18.85
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 033 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 033 Set of Two 2 Champagne Sherbets
$18.85
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 017 Set of Two 2 Juice Glasses 4 3 4
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 017 Set of Two 2 Juice Glasses 4 3 4
$19.75
Fostoria American Sugar Cuber
Fostoria American Sugar Cuber
$149.99
Liberty Works American Pioneer Pink Vase
Liberty Works American Pioneer Pink Vase
$74.99
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 003 2 Oyster Fruit Cocktails 2 7 8
FOSTORIA crystal AMERICAN 2056 pattern 003 2 Oyster Fruit Cocktails 2 7 8
$17.95
MacBETH EVANS AMERICAN SWEETHEART DINNER PLATES 4
MacBETH EVANS AMERICAN SWEETHEART DINNER PLATES 4
$58.99
MacBETH EVANS  AMERICAN SWEETHEART  FOOTED SHERBETS 5 TWO SIZES
MacBETH EVANS AMERICAN SWEETHEART FOOTED SHERBETS 5 TWO SIZES
$38.99
Liberty Works American Pioneer Green Dresser Tray  Powder Jar
Liberty Works American Pioneer Green Dresser Tray Powder Jar
$99.99
Vintage Anchor Hocking Bubble Early American Stem Sherbet w Laurel Etching
Vintage Anchor Hocking Bubble Early American Stem Sherbet w Laurel Etching
$24.99
American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal HoareCo 1853 Corning Creamer  Sugar Bowl
American Brilliant Cut Glass Crystal HoareCo 1853 Corning Creamer Sugar Bowl
$49.99
Lot of 4 VTG Macbeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART 8 Pink Depression Glass Plates
Lot of 4 VTG Macbeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART 8 Pink Depression Glass Plates
$20.00
AMERICAN SWEETHEART PINK DEPRESSION Glass BREAD  BUTTER Plate 6 1 2
AMERICAN SWEETHEART PINK DEPRESSION Glass BREAD BUTTER Plate 6 1 2
$4.00
American Cut Glass Sugar Bowl 6 3 4 X 4 X 3
American Cut Glass Sugar Bowl 6 3 4 X 4 X 3
$20.00
American Cut Glass Dish 6
American Cut Glass Dish 6
$22.00
American Cut Glass Bowl 7
American Cut Glass Bowl 7
$35.00
American ABP Cut Glass Oval Dish 6 3 4 X 5 X 2
American ABP Cut Glass Oval Dish 6 3 4 X 5 X 2
$20.00
BEAUTIFUL FOSTORIA AMERICAN TW0 HANDLED FOOTED SERVING BOWL TROPHY SHAPE
BEAUTIFUL FOSTORIA AMERICAN TW0 HANDLED FOOTED SERVING BOWL TROPHY SHAPE
$79.00
American Cube Pattern Clear Candy Dish with Lid 7 Tall
American Cube Pattern Clear Candy Dish with Lid 7 Tall
$3.00
Vintage Set 3 Pyrex Mixing Bowls Early American
Vintage Set 3 Pyrex Mixing Bowls Early American
$14.95
Fostoria American 3 Part Divided Bowl 9 1 2 x 6
Fostoria American 3 Part Divided Bowl 9 1 2 x 6
$19.99
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Plate
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Plate
$10.00


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