American Glass

Is Italian glass harder than American glass?

Is Italian glass truly less porus or denser? Is it easier to blow certian types of glass or crystals? I know very little about glass blowing, but it always intrested me!
Thanks

How to blow glass

Originally glass was melted in furnaces from ingredients such as soda, potash, various compounds, limestone and sand. These raw materials transform into glass in a temperature above 2000 F. Next the glass is left alone in order to allow air bubbles to be released. There are 3 furnaces involved in glass blowing. The fist one contains molten glass, the second furnace or the ‘glory hole’ is used to reheat a art piece throughout its creation, and the last furnace, the lire, is used to cool the glass for hours or days – this furnace also prevents the glass from cracking and changing shape. Tools used include a bench, marver, blocks, jacks, paddles, tweezers, shears, punty and a blowpipe. Initially, the blowpipe is dipped into the molten glass in the first furnace and gathered. Next the glass is rolled on the marver which is a slab of steel or marble. This is important in forming a cool, harder exterior skin on the molten glass so that it can be blow effectively. Air is then blown into the blowpipe in order to create the glass art.

Glass blowing history

The first evidence of glass blowing was found to date back to 27BC in Syria. The Syrians formed the glass medium around cores of mud and then quickly inflated them into large, clear, leak free containers. This technique spread to the Roman world and was adopted by the Venetians, especially on the island of Murano. Venice became the center of the highest quality glass manufacturing of the medieval period. The glass blowers of Venice were the best in the world at the time, boasting years of training and skill, and a variety of colors that could not be found elsewhere. Venetian glass blowers were so valued that they were sentenced to death if they attempted to escape Venice. This would not only release their trade secrets to the world, but it would also destroy Venice as a main trading centre for glass blown goods including glasses, flasks, glass jewelry, gold encrusted glass vessels and so on. The modern glass blowing movement was the “Studio Glass Movement”, which began in 1962 with chemist Dominick Labino and ceramics professor Harvey Littleton. They combined their efforts to experiment with melted glass and a small furnace and eventually began creating blown glass art. These two individuals sparked the advent of glass blowing as a private artform – possible in private studios. Famous decorative glass artists like Dale Chihuly, and Lino Tagliapietra embraced glass blowing art and became creative leaders of the times. Dale Chihuly started the Pilchich Glass School in Washington, which became a huge contributor to the American Studio Glass movement. Dante Morioni was the first Murano trained Italian artist to leave Venice and share his knowledge with the USA in 1971. This fueled more interest and admiration of the blown glass art. Today, glassblowing is one of the fastest growing hobbies in North America.

Find American Glass On eBay Below:

Antique 1900s American Brilliant Glass Hobstar  Fans Saw tooth Clear Sugar Bowl
Antique 1900s American Brilliant Glass Hobstar Fans Saw tooth Clear Sugar Bowl
$54.00
VINTAGE FROSTED TOM COLLINS GLASS AMERICAN FRONTIER SCENE  FRONTIER SOCIETY
VINTAGE FROSTED TOM COLLINS GLASS AMERICAN FRONTIER SCENE FRONTIER SOCIETY
$13.50
VINTAGE FROSTED TOM COLLINS GLASS AMERICAN FRONTIER SCENE BLACK GOLD
VINTAGE FROSTED TOM COLLINS GLASS AMERICAN FRONTIER SCENE BLACK GOLD
$13.50
Fostoria AMERICAN LADY AMETHYST Iced Tea Glass 144122
Fostoria AMERICAN LADY AMETHYST Iced Tea Glass 144122
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Vintage American Brilliant Cut Crystal Glass Bowl A36
Vintage American Brilliant Cut Crystal Glass Bowl A36
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Fostoria American Large Torte Plate 185
Fostoria American Large Torte Plate 185
$99.95
Fostoria American Three Part Candy Dish Base or Relish Dish
Fostoria American Three Part Candy Dish Base or Relish Dish
$20.00
2 Pyrex Early American Casseroles 045 25Qt 043 15 Qt Brown Gold w Lids
2 Pyrex Early American Casseroles 045 25Qt 043 15 Qt Brown Gold w Lids
$19.95
Fostoria American 10 inch oval vegetable bowl
Fostoria American 10 inch oval vegetable bowl
$1.99
Early American Prescut Creamer  Sugar Bowl
Early American Prescut Creamer Sugar Bowl
$13.00
Early American Prescut Salad Bowl
Early American Prescut Salad Bowl
$30.00
Fostoria American 4 1 2 x 4 1 2 Compote for Jelly or candy
Fostoria American 4 1 2 x 4 1 2 Compote for Jelly or candy
$4.95
American Brilliant Cut Glass Single Handled Nappy
American Brilliant Cut Glass Single Handled Nappy
$29.99
Vtg Pyrex Early American Cinderella 3 pc divided bowl w lid med bowl
Vtg Pyrex Early American Cinderella 3 pc divided bowl w lid med bowl
$29.00
American Sweetheart Macbeth Evans Creamer  Sugar Bowl Depression Glass
American Sweetheart Macbeth Evans Creamer Sugar Bowl Depression Glass
$19.99
Vtg Pyrex Americana Early American 444 Mixing Bowl 4 Quart Brown Gold Eagle Lg
Vtg Pyrex Americana Early American 444 Mixing Bowl 4 Quart Brown Gold Eagle Lg
$18.95
American Brilliant cut Glass Milk Pitcher Hindoo By Hoare
American Brilliant cut Glass Milk Pitcher Hindoo By Hoare
$225.00
American Brilliant cut Glass Hair Receiver W Intl Silver Co Sterling Top
American Brilliant cut Glass Hair Receiver W Intl Silver Co Sterling Top
$75.00
American Brilliant Cut Glass Celery Tray Harvard
American Brilliant Cut Glass Celery Tray Harvard
$125.00
Vintage Fostoria American Elegant Glass Rose Bowl Crystal 3 Sun Turned Pinkish
Vintage Fostoria American Elegant Glass Rose Bowl Crystal 3 Sun Turned Pinkish
$10.50
Vintage Fostoria American Crystal Small Canoe Boat Relish Dish 8
Vintage Fostoria American Crystal Small Canoe Boat Relish Dish 8
$6.50
Vintage Fostoria American 10 3 Part Divided Relish Dish Clear
Vintage Fostoria American 10 3 Part Divided Relish Dish Clear
$10.95
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Glass Pitcher Or Creamer 5 Original Tag
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Glass Pitcher Or Creamer 5 Original Tag
$9.50
3 American Fostoria Goblets Stem Champagne Wine 4 Excellent Glow Yellow Hue
3 American Fostoria Goblets Stem Champagne Wine 4 Excellent Glow Yellow Hue
$15.00
Vintage Fostoria American Round 4 Diameter Nappy Handled
Vintage Fostoria American Round 4 Diameter Nappy Handled
$7.50
Vintage Fostoria Clear American Mini Sugar  Creamer With Tray Set excellent
Vintage Fostoria Clear American Mini Sugar Creamer With Tray Set excellent
$14.50
Fostoria AMERICAN 6 Crystal Glass Bread Butter Dessert PLATE Vintage
Fostoria AMERICAN 6 Crystal Glass Bread Butter Dessert PLATE Vintage
$4.50
Vintage pair American Fostoria Clear Glass Single Candlesticks Sparkling Perfect
Vintage pair American Fostoria Clear Glass Single Candlesticks Sparkling Perfect
$14.50
2 Fostoria American Elegant Glass Salad Plates 8 8 Diameter
2 Fostoria American Elegant Glass Salad Plates 8 8 Diameter
$17.50
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Butter Dish 143706
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Butter Dish 143706
$73.95
ABP Hobstar Sugar and Creamer Set American Brilliant Period Cut Glass
ABP Hobstar Sugar and Creamer Set American Brilliant Period Cut Glass
$16.99
ELEGANT CRISTAL dARQUES CRYSTAL GLASS AMERICAN EAGLE FIGURINE FRANCE
ELEGANT CRISTAL dARQUES CRYSTAL GLASS AMERICAN EAGLE FIGURINE FRANCE
$27.99
Vintage Pyrex Early American Nesting Bowls Set with Cinderella Mixing Bowl Bonus
Vintage Pyrex Early American Nesting Bowls Set with Cinderella Mixing Bowl Bonus
$24.99
Fostoria American 3 Toed Tidbit Tray
Fostoria American 3 Toed Tidbit Tray
$15.00
Fostoria American 6 inch Candlestick with Octagonal Foot
Fostoria American 6 inch Candlestick with Octagonal Foot
$18.00
Fostoria American Rolled Edge 12 1 2 Bowl
Fostoria American Rolled Edge 12 1 2 Bowl
$52.00
Fostoria American Pint Cereal Pitcher
Fostoria American Pint Cereal Pitcher
$27.00
Beautiful Large Antique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Powder Jar
Beautiful Large Antique American Brilliant Period Cut Glass Powder Jar
$199.99
AMERICAN BRILLIANT PERIOD ABPPRESS GLASS PEDESTAL GOBLET VASE 10 in tal
AMERICAN BRILLIANT PERIOD ABPPRESS GLASS PEDESTAL GOBLET VASE 10 in tal
$59.00
American Brilliant Period ABP Antique Cut Crystal 5 Bowl Saw Tooth Edge
American Brilliant Period ABP Antique Cut Crystal 5 Bowl Saw Tooth Edge
$49.99


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