American Glass

Is Italian glass harder than American glass?

Is Italian glass truly less porus or denser? Is it easier to blow certian types of glass or crystals? I know very little about glass blowing, but it always intrested me!
Thanks

How to blow glass

Originally glass was melted in furnaces from ingredients such as soda, potash, various compounds, limestone and sand. These raw materials transform into glass in a temperature above 2000 F. Next the glass is left alone in order to allow air bubbles to be released. There are 3 furnaces involved in glass blowing. The fist one contains molten glass, the second furnace or the ‘glory hole’ is used to reheat a art piece throughout its creation, and the last furnace, the lire, is used to cool the glass for hours or days – this furnace also prevents the glass from cracking and changing shape. Tools used include a bench, marver, blocks, jacks, paddles, tweezers, shears, punty and a blowpipe. Initially, the blowpipe is dipped into the molten glass in the first furnace and gathered. Next the glass is rolled on the marver which is a slab of steel or marble. This is important in forming a cool, harder exterior skin on the molten glass so that it can be blow effectively. Air is then blown into the blowpipe in order to create the glass art.

Glass blowing history

The first evidence of glass blowing was found to date back to 27BC in Syria. The Syrians formed the glass medium around cores of mud and then quickly inflated them into large, clear, leak free containers. This technique spread to the Roman world and was adopted by the Venetians, especially on the island of Murano. Venice became the center of the highest quality glass manufacturing of the medieval period. The glass blowers of Venice were the best in the world at the time, boasting years of training and skill, and a variety of colors that could not be found elsewhere. Venetian glass blowers were so valued that they were sentenced to death if they attempted to escape Venice. This would not only release their trade secrets to the world, but it would also destroy Venice as a main trading centre for glass blown goods including glasses, flasks, glass jewelry, gold encrusted glass vessels and so on. The modern glass blowing movement was the “Studio Glass Movement”, which began in 1962 with chemist Dominick Labino and ceramics professor Harvey Littleton. They combined their efforts to experiment with melted glass and a small furnace and eventually began creating blown glass art. These two individuals sparked the advent of glass blowing as a private artform – possible in private studios. Famous decorative glass artists like Dale Chihuly, and Lino Tagliapietra embraced glass blowing art and became creative leaders of the times. Dale Chihuly started the Pilchich Glass School in Washington, which became a huge contributor to the American Studio Glass movement. Dante Morioni was the first Murano trained Italian artist to leave Venice and share his knowledge with the USA in 1971. This fueled more interest and admiration of the blown glass art. Today, glassblowing is one of the fastest growing hobbies in North America.

Find American Glass On eBay Below:

FOSTORIA AMERICAN CLEAR EARLY AMERICAN  SET OF 4 GLASS WATER GOBLETS
FOSTORIA AMERICAN CLEAR EARLY AMERICAN SET OF 4 GLASS WATER GOBLETS
$22.99
VTG FOSTORIA CRYSTAL GLASS STAR CUT FOOTED PEDESTAL BOWL COMPOTE CANDY DISH VASE
VTG FOSTORIA CRYSTAL GLASS STAR CUT FOOTED PEDESTAL BOWL COMPOTE CANDY DISH VASE
$14.90
2 CLEAR GLASS HURRICANE CANDLE OIL LAMP SHADE FLUTES CHIMNEYS ON STAND HOLDERS
2 CLEAR GLASS HURRICANE CANDLE OIL LAMP SHADE FLUTES CHIMNEYS ON STAND HOLDERS
$29.90
11 FOSTORIA AMERICAN WHITEHALL LEAD CRYSTAL GLASS STAR CUT ROUND SERVING BOWL
11 FOSTORIA AMERICAN WHITEHALL LEAD CRYSTAL GLASS STAR CUT ROUND SERVING BOWL
$19.95
NEW DADRIANA SHAMROCK LACE PATTERN CRYSTAL GLASS COVERED LIDDED BOWL COMPOTE
NEW DADRIANA SHAMROCK LACE PATTERN CRYSTAL GLASS COVERED LIDDED BOWL COMPOTE
$9.95
Vintage FOSTORIA American Pattern Clear Glass Candy Dish Bowl w Lid
Vintage FOSTORIA American Pattern Clear Glass Candy Dish Bowl w Lid
$3.99
Pyrex refrigerator dish withl lid Americana Early American pattern 1 1 2 pint
Pyrex refrigerator dish withl lid Americana Early American pattern 1 1 2 pint
$7.00
FOSTORIA CRYSTAL AMERICAN CREAMER  OPEN SUGAR
FOSTORIA CRYSTAL AMERICAN CREAMER OPEN SUGAR
$5.59
VINTAGE EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT SET SAUCER  CUP 8PC NIB FEDERAL GLASSOHIO
VINTAGE EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT SET SAUCER CUP 8PC NIB FEDERAL GLASSOHIO
$34.99
VINTAGE ANCHOR HOCKING GLASS EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT SET SAUCER  CUP 8PC NIB
VINTAGE ANCHOR HOCKING GLASS EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT SET SAUCER CUP 8PC NIB
$34.99
Vintage Blenko American Art Glass Clear Indented Pinched Decanter
Vintage Blenko American Art Glass Clear Indented Pinched Decanter
$19.88
Fostoria American 25 oz Wine Cordial Glasses Stemmed w Hex Foot Set of 6 45
Fostoria American 25 oz Wine Cordial Glasses Stemmed w Hex Foot Set of 6 45
$34.99
Indiana Glass Co Tiara Exclusives line 170 Early American butter dish
Indiana Glass Co Tiara Exclusives line 170 Early American butter dish
$25.00
Cherokee Glass by Wagon Hill American Art Glass Bronze Slag 12 Swan Bowl
Cherokee Glass by Wagon Hill American Art Glass Bronze Slag 12 Swan Bowl
$4.99
FOSTORIA GLASS AMERICAN PATTERN PINK COLORED LID ONLY 6
FOSTORIA GLASS AMERICAN PATTERN PINK COLORED LID ONLY 6
$17.99
Fostoria AMERICAN Mini Creamer  Open Sugar Bowl
Fostoria AMERICAN Mini Creamer Open Sugar Bowl
$18.95
Antique American Brilliant Cut Glass James Dixon  Sons Sterling Silver Pitcher
Antique American Brilliant Cut Glass James Dixon Sons Sterling Silver Pitcher
$175.00
Beautiful Vintage Fostoria American Clear Glass Handled Cake Plate Platter
Beautiful Vintage Fostoria American Clear Glass Handled Cake Plate Platter
$34.99
Set Of Six Vintage Whitehall Colony American Amber Tumbler Juice Glass Lot
Set Of Six Vintage Whitehall Colony American Amber Tumbler Juice Glass Lot
$29.99
Fabulous American Brilliant ABP Heavy Intricate Cut Glass 8 1 4 Serving Bowl
Fabulous American Brilliant ABP Heavy Intricate Cut Glass 8 1 4 Serving Bowl
$150.00
Depression Era McBeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART Monax Cups and Saucers 2 SETS
Depression Era McBeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART Monax Cups and Saucers 2 SETS
$8.00
American Whitehall indiana glass
American Whitehall indiana glass
$15.00
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Square Ashtray 144057
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Square Ashtray 144057
$7.99
Clear Fostoria American Cube Pattern Round 4 Dessert Dish
Clear Fostoria American Cube Pattern Round 4 Dessert Dish
$4.95
VTG FOSTORIA AMERICAN PATTERN 8 REPLACEMENT PIECE LOT GLASSES VASE BOAT
VTG FOSTORIA AMERICAN PATTERN 8 REPLACEMENT PIECE LOT GLASSES VASE BOAT
$15.99
PAIR Fostoria Depression Glass Century Bowls 825 and 875 wave rim
PAIR Fostoria Depression Glass Century Bowls 825 and 875 wave rim
$35.00
LARGE EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT EAPC ASHTRAY
LARGE EARLY AMERICAN PRESCUT EAPC ASHTRAY
$9.00
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Juice Glass 143777
Fostoria AMERICAN CLEAR Juice Glass 143777
$16.99
Clear Fostoria American Cube Pattern Round 5 Small Bowl
Clear Fostoria American Cube Pattern Round 5 Small Bowl
$4.95
Footed OYSTER COCKTAIL Elegant Glass American Clear Fostoria 3 mold lines
Footed OYSTER COCKTAIL Elegant Glass American Clear Fostoria 3 mold lines
$2.00
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS 4 SHERBET
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS 4 SHERBET
$24.99
Fostoria Punch Bowl Set
Fostoria Punch Bowl Set
$250.00
Lot of 3 Mid Century Black AMERICAN MANOR Ebony Wine glasses stemware MINT
Lot of 3 Mid Century Black AMERICAN MANOR Ebony Wine glasses stemware MINT
$24.99
Antique American Brilliant Period Deep Cut Crystal Glass Water Carafe Decanter
Antique American Brilliant Period Deep Cut Crystal Glass Water Carafe Decanter
$100.00
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS 2 DESSERT
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS 2 DESSERT
$16.99
Anchor Hocking American Greetings RASPBERRY TART Milk Glass Coffee Mug 1980
Anchor Hocking American Greetings RASPBERRY TART Milk Glass Coffee Mug 1980
$12.50
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS CREAMER
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS CREAMER
$15.99
Vintage Fostoria American Footed 8 1 2 Pitcher Jug Crystal Clear Glass  12S H
Vintage Fostoria American Footed 8 1 2 Pitcher Jug Crystal Clear Glass 12S H
$13.99
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS SUGAR BOWL
VINTAGEFOSTORIAAMERICAN GLASS SUGAR BOWL
$15.99
Pyrex Early American Divided Dish 1 1 2qt No lid
Pyrex Early American Divided Dish 1 1 2qt No lid
$9.99


Recently Purchased American Glass:


american brilliant era cut glass creamer sugar bowl set etched 6 petal flowers, fostoria american hex footed crystal 7 stem water goblets three 3, american fostoria 12 inch flared vase hard to find, vintage star of david glass pitcher anchor hocking early american prescut , fostoria american clear rose bowl 4 12 vase, american brilliant period royal pattern creamer by hunt, vintage american brilliant cut glass tumbler cut flower amp; leaves see pictures, 2 depression glass american sweetheart monax macbeth evans plates 10 34 11 34, lovely american brilliant quaker city penrose cut crystal water pitcher h 8 12, ah eapc early american prescut swirled relish tray, large 12 38 american brilliant period abp corset vase , american brilliant sugar amp; creamer pitcher whirling star gorgeous, fostoria american clear butter dish 143706, lovely multifaceted antique american double layered umbrela artglass paperweight, magnum size antique american double layer umbrella m k art glass paperweight, wonderful antique american huge colorful tulip art glass paperweight circa 1900, marvelous antique american motto medico hel sirujano art glass paperweight, fostoria american crystal glasware 3 fruit goblets 4 sherbet 4cups, abp american brilliant cut glass elmira pattern 4 12 inch corset vase rare, abp american brilliant cut glass libbey cut glass pattern 47 tankard 9 65lbs, abp american brilliant cut glass elmira pattern 4 10 inch fancy vase rare, fostoria american lady amethyst iced tea glass 144122, vintage glass pyrex dish in the early american pattern, american brilliant period cut glass vanity powder puff jar, american art glass stained window lot 268, 2 fine american contemporary art glass vases lot 207, american iridescent gold art glass ruffled plate lot 148, fenton american craftsman series glass blowerjamestown iridized coloring, nice 19th c antique american amberina art glass swirl pattern tall mug c 1885, 19th c antique american amberina art glass swirl pattern tall mug c 1885, vintage pyrex early american brown amp; gold casserole dish 1 quart qt 473, vintage pyrex american heritage 212 qt 443 ovenware bowl, fostoria salad 4 plates and 4 bowls set with extra bowl, antique american brillant cut crystal carafe a beautyexcellent plus, fostoria vegetable serving bowl american pattern 1915 1986, american brilliant cut glass bud vase starburst, bulls eye amp; daisy water set ruby stain u s glass early american pattern 15117, vintage fostoria american 7 candy dish genuine fostoria , vintage fostoria american 8 pitcher genuine fostoria , 2 beautiful lg wright early american plates 197172, american fostoria sca purple footed square candy dish with lid, vintage pyrex early american divided 1 12 quart casserolebrowngold, abp rare american brilliant period floral cane cut glass vase 12 65 pounds , american brilliant cut glass lovely 8 bowl with pinwheel pattern, fostoria 18 in punch bowl ladle and cups, vintage fostoria american cream amp; sugar clear cubist pattern, american brilliant period abp cut clear glass cruet 18901910 hobstar fan facets, pyrex vintage covered glass oval baking dish early american gold rare casserole, american brilliant early pressed glass shell serving bowl nut candy dish, american candle fostoria double candle holders, american fostoria pickle dish, vintage fostoria american round snacksandwich serving tray 12, cream and sugar cut glass set american brilliant pattern with handels, fostoria american 2 single candle holders perfect condition, indiana glass american whitehall clear 8 12 pitcher exc, antique american petal panel design flint glass compote, primo ref$ book american brilliant cut engraved glass, fostoria virginia teal green stemware ice tea goblet glass, fostoria virginia light blue stemware ice tea goblet glass , 3 great seal of the united states of american clear wine glass stemware 7 78, fostoria virginia light blue stemware wine goblet glass, vintage fostoria glass american quarter pound covered butter dish, 2 vintage fostoria american water hex base glasses 6 78 tall, 3 great seal of the united states of american clear wine glass stemware 75, fostoria virginia light blue stemware water goblet glass , vintage anchor hocking early american prescut 11 piece table service set, anchor hocking early american prescut glass pitcher or creamer 5 original tag, vintage fostoria american round 4 diameter nappy handled, vintage fostoria american elegant glass rose bowl crystal 3 sun turned pinkish, vintage fostoria american crystal small canoe boat relish dish 8, vintage fostoria american 10 3part divided relish dish clear, 3 american fostoria goblets stem champagne wine 4 excellent glow yellow hue, fostoria american 6 crystal glass bread butter dessert plate vintage, vintage fostoria american crystal 3 78 8 oz straight side water tumbler, vintage fostoria clear american mini sugar amp; creamer with tray set excellent, vintage pair american fostoria clear glass single candlesticks sparkling perfect, 2 fostoria american elegant glass salad plates 8 8 diameter, antique american brilliant cut glass crystal abp 8 bowl, beautiful antique american brilliant cut glass crystal abp bowl, large antique american brilliant cut glass crystal abp bowl, 3 anchor hocking eapc 3 34 juice tumblers 5 oz early american prescut euc, 4 anchor hocking eapc 4 38 flat tumblers 10 oz early american prescut, fostoria american pair of 3 single light candlesticks wround bases, vintage corning ware american oil snowflake star saucemaker bowl 1 qt p55b, pyrex early american set of 4 nesting cinderella mixing bowls 441 442 443 444, 3 vtg anchor hocking glass 4 snack plate amp; cup sets early american prescut, vintage whitehall indiana glass fostoria american cube pattern footed 10x4 bowl, old vintage american cut crystal glass 8 bowl in excellent conditon, early american pattern glass 18501910 bill jenks jerry luna, vintage pyrex 444 early american brown cinderella nesting mixing bowl usa, elegant cristal darques crystalglass american eagle figurine france, american brilliant cut crystal sugar bowl applied handles hobstar sawtooth rim, 6 fostoria american clear flared nappy fruit bowls 5, stunning sinclaire american brilliant period cut glass bowl, american hand blown art glass amber pitcher w5 cups hand painted floral vines, perfect vintage fostoria american flared straightsided vase, set of 8 macbeth evans american sweetheart pink 5 78 cereal bowls



Comments are closed.