American Glass

Is Italian glass harder than American glass?

Is Italian glass truly less porus or denser? Is it easier to blow certian types of glass or crystals? I know very little about glass blowing, but it always intrested me!
Thanks

How to blow glass

Originally glass was melted in furnaces from ingredients such as soda, potash, various compounds, limestone and sand. These raw materials transform into glass in a temperature above 2000 F. Next the glass is left alone in order to allow air bubbles to be released. There are 3 furnaces involved in glass blowing. The fist one contains molten glass, the second furnace or the ‘glory hole’ is used to reheat a art piece throughout its creation, and the last furnace, the lire, is used to cool the glass for hours or days – this furnace also prevents the glass from cracking and changing shape. Tools used include a bench, marver, blocks, jacks, paddles, tweezers, shears, punty and a blowpipe. Initially, the blowpipe is dipped into the molten glass in the first furnace and gathered. Next the glass is rolled on the marver which is a slab of steel or marble. This is important in forming a cool, harder exterior skin on the molten glass so that it can be blow effectively. Air is then blown into the blowpipe in order to create the glass art.

Glass blowing history

The first evidence of glass blowing was found to date back to 27BC in Syria. The Syrians formed the glass medium around cores of mud and then quickly inflated them into large, clear, leak free containers. This technique spread to the Roman world and was adopted by the Venetians, especially on the island of Murano. Venice became the center of the highest quality glass manufacturing of the medieval period. The glass blowers of Venice were the best in the world at the time, boasting years of training and skill, and a variety of colors that could not be found elsewhere. Venetian glass blowers were so valued that they were sentenced to death if they attempted to escape Venice. This would not only release their trade secrets to the world, but it would also destroy Venice as a main trading centre for glass blown goods including glasses, flasks, glass jewelry, gold encrusted glass vessels and so on. The modern glass blowing movement was the “Studio Glass Movement”, which began in 1962 with chemist Dominick Labino and ceramics professor Harvey Littleton. They combined their efforts to experiment with melted glass and a small furnace and eventually began creating blown glass art. These two individuals sparked the advent of glass blowing as a private artform – possible in private studios. Famous decorative glass artists like Dale Chihuly, and Lino Tagliapietra embraced glass blowing art and became creative leaders of the times. Dale Chihuly started the Pilchich Glass School in Washington, which became a huge contributor to the American Studio Glass movement. Dante Morioni was the first Murano trained Italian artist to leave Venice and share his knowledge with the USA in 1971. This fueled more interest and admiration of the blown glass art. Today, glassblowing is one of the fastest growing hobbies in North America.

Find American Glass On eBay Below:

Patriotic Parties Serving Tray 20 American Flag Party Cups and 20 Red Bever
Patriotic Parties Serving Tray 20 American Flag Party Cups and 20 Red Bever
$23.29
Stunning American Brilliant Period Deep Cut Sawtooth Bowl
Stunning American Brilliant Period Deep Cut Sawtooth Bowl
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LIBBEY LIBBY CUT GLASS AB AMERICAN BRILLIANT DECANTER STAR FANS PRISM CUTS
LIBBEY LIBBY CUT GLASS AB AMERICAN BRILLIANT DECANTER STAR FANS PRISM CUTS
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Fostoria American Twin Candlestick Candleholder
Fostoria American Twin Candlestick Candleholder
$39.00
Fostoria American 9 Square Ft Vase
Fostoria American 9 Square Ft Vase
$49.00
Fostoria American Round Candlestick Candleholder Pair
Fostoria American Round Candlestick Candleholder Pair
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Set of 3 American Sweetheart Depression Glass Pink Cups and Saucers
Set of 3 American Sweetheart Depression Glass Pink Cups and Saucers
$25.00
American Brilliant Relish Dishes
American Brilliant Relish Dishes
$18.00
Vintage Chip Dip Set Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut EAPC Star of David
Vintage Chip Dip Set Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut EAPC Star of David
$14.00
Fostoria American Clear Glass CREAMER 2 3 4  OPEN SUGAR BOWL 2 3 8
Fostoria American Clear Glass CREAMER 2 3 4 OPEN SUGAR BOWL 2 3 8
$7.00
Set of 3 Fostoria American Clear Flared 3 1 4 Low Champagne Sherbet Glasses
Set of 3 Fostoria American Clear Flared 3 1 4 Low Champagne Sherbet Glasses
$12.00
Vintage Three Part Oval Glass Relish Serving Dish American Clear Fostoria
Vintage Three Part Oval Glass Relish Serving Dish American Clear Fostoria
$12.00
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Star of David Clear Oval Bowl
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Star of David Clear Oval Bowl
$6.50
vintage american brilliant cut creamer and sugar bowl
vintage american brilliant cut creamer and sugar bowl
$10.88
Karl Malden American Express Tiffany  CoVal Saint Lambert Crystal Goldleaf Box
Karl Malden American Express Tiffany CoVal Saint Lambert Crystal Goldleaf Box
$245.00
Rare Val Saint Lambert Largest American Flag New In Box
Rare Val Saint Lambert Largest American Flag New In Box
$165.00
BACCARAT CRYSTAL Rivoli American Water Goblet 1
BACCARAT CRYSTAL Rivoli American Water Goblet 1
$325.00
Fostoria Sandwich Serving Tray Plate 12 Center Handle Vintage Glass Etched
Fostoria Sandwich Serving Tray Plate 12 Center Handle Vintage Glass Etched
$19.99
VTG American Sweetheart glass Macbeth Evans Monax Platter Plate Charger 115 A+
VTG American Sweetheart glass Macbeth Evans Monax Platter Plate Charger 115 A+
$27.02
AVON Fostoria pressed glass six sided dish VINTAGE
AVON Fostoria pressed glass six sided dish VINTAGE
$4.99
American Brilliant Hand Cut Crystal Lead Glass Dish Bowl 8x3
American Brilliant Hand Cut Crystal Lead Glass Dish Bowl 8x3
$44.00
Elegant Cruet Cut Glass American Glass
Elegant Cruet Cut Glass American Glass
$14.29
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware Small Footed Bowl 4 W 25 H
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware Small Footed Bowl 4 W 25 H
$11.95
FOSTORIA American 8 1 2 Small BOAT Dish BOWL Depression ELEGANT Glass CUBIST
FOSTORIA American 8 1 2 Small BOAT Dish BOWL Depression ELEGANT Glass CUBIST
$6.99
Vintage Fostoria American Cube Pattern Creamer  Sugar Cubist
Vintage Fostoria American Cube Pattern Creamer Sugar Cubist
$11.24
Vintage Fostoria American Cube Pattern Creamer and Open Sugar Set 2056
Vintage Fostoria American Cube Pattern Creamer and Open Sugar Set 2056
$11.24
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware 105 3 part divided relish dish
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware 105 3 part divided relish dish
$13.95
Set of 5 Avon Fostoria Crystal Diamond Point Plates 8
Set of 5 Avon Fostoria Crystal Diamond Point Plates 8
$25.00
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware 115 Boat Dish A
Vintage Fostoria American Glassware 115 Boat Dish A
$13.95
Fostoria American Clear Glass Early American Open Sugar Bowl 2 Handles 3 1 4
Fostoria American Clear Glass Early American Open Sugar Bowl 2 Handles 3 1 4
$17.50
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE BY AMERICAN GREETINGS JUICE GLASS
STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE BY AMERICAN GREETINGS JUICE GLASS
$2.79
Vintage MacBeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART MONAX 9 PLATE 4
Vintage MacBeth Evans AMERICAN SWEETHEART MONAX 9 PLATE 4
$28.82
EAPC Early American Prescut Oatmeal PUNCH CUPS Glass Small Coffee Set of 6
EAPC Early American Prescut Oatmeal PUNCH CUPS Glass Small Coffee Set of 6
$14.95
American Brilliant Cut Glass PitcherBuzz Cut Wheel  StarScallop Handle105
American Brilliant Cut Glass PitcherBuzz Cut Wheel StarScallop Handle105
$37.99
9tall American Brilliant Cut Glass PitcherBuzz Cut Wheel  StarScallop Handle
9tall American Brilliant Cut Glass PitcherBuzz Cut Wheel StarScallop Handle
$18.99
ABP American Brilliant Cut Glass Sugar  Creamer Set Flowers Stunning
ABP American Brilliant Cut Glass Sugar Creamer Set Flowers Stunning
$24.50
FOSTORIA 1950s Double Pair American CANDLEHOLDERS Cut Crystal 8 1 2 X 4 1 4
FOSTORIA 1950s Double Pair American CANDLEHOLDERS Cut Crystal 8 1 2 X 4 1 4
$24.00
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Chip  Dip set
Anchor Hocking Early American Prescut Chip Dip set
$18.00
American Brilliant Period ABP Cut Glass Multiple Motif Fancy Rim
American Brilliant Period ABP Cut Glass Multiple Motif Fancy Rim
$249.00
AMERICAN BRILLIANT PERIOD CUT GLASS SYRUP GORGEOUS NO MAKERS MARK
AMERICAN BRILLIANT PERIOD CUT GLASS SYRUP GORGEOUS NO MAKERS MARK
$39.99


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