English Glass

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Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

English Ruby Lobe Shaped Vase c1880 90
English Ruby Lobe Shaped Vase c1880 90
$112.37
ANTIQUE ENGLISH SOWERBY GLASS BOWL MADE IN 1877 141 YEARS OLD LAST SEPTEMBER
ANTIQUE ENGLISH SOWERBY GLASS BOWL MADE IN 1877 141 YEARS OLD LAST SEPTEMBER
$53.25
Vintage Westmoreland White Milk Glass Cruet English Hobnail Diamond
Vintage Westmoreland White Milk Glass Cruet English Hobnail Diamond
$9.99
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Ivy Ball Pedestal Vase English Hobnail Diamond
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Ivy Ball Pedestal Vase English Hobnail Diamond
$12.99
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Scalloped Edge Bowl English Hobnail Diamond
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Scalloped Edge Bowl English Hobnail Diamond
$14.99
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Vase Bowl English Hobnail Diamond
Westmoreland White Milk Glass Vase Bowl English Hobnail Diamond
$14.99
CORELLE DESSERT PLATES IN THE ENGLISH BREAKFAST PATTERN
CORELLE DESSERT PLATES IN THE ENGLISH BREAKFAST PATTERN
$3.95
VINTAGE TUDOR FULL LEAD ENGLISH CRYSTAL 4 OLD FASHION GLASSES ORIGINAL BOX
VINTAGE TUDOR FULL LEAD ENGLISH CRYSTAL 4 OLD FASHION GLASSES ORIGINAL BOX
$32.85
Vintage Glass Basket Mini English Hobnail Pattern Very Good condition
Vintage Glass Basket Mini English Hobnail Pattern Very Good condition
$5.00
MIKASA CRYSTAL ENGLISH GARDEN SET OF 4 WATER GOBLETS 9IN TALL PERFECT CONDITION
MIKASA CRYSTAL ENGLISH GARDEN SET OF 4 WATER GOBLETS 9IN TALL PERFECT CONDITION
$50.00
Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL Crystal Cordial 1oz
Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL Crystal Cordial 1oz
$9.99
JWW English Cut Crystal Swirl Punties Footed 5 7 8 Bud Vase ASIS
JWW English Cut Crystal Swirl Punties Footed 5 7 8 Bud Vase ASIS
$14.00
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Squares Footed Creamer Hexagonal Base
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Squares Footed Creamer Hexagonal Base
$3.49
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL PINK ELECTRIC LAMP
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL PINK ELECTRIC LAMP
$150.00
Vintage Westmoreland Clear ENGLISH HOBNAIL Oval Celery Relish Dish Plate
Vintage Westmoreland Clear ENGLISH HOBNAIL Oval Celery Relish Dish Plate
$9.94
Vintage Stuart Vase fine English crystal 6 tall England Waterford
Vintage Stuart Vase fine English crystal 6 tall England Waterford
$24.99
Westmoreland Pink English Hobnail 4 Cup and Saucer Sets
Westmoreland Pink English Hobnail 4 Cup and Saucer Sets
$22.50
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Punch Cup
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Punch Cup
$5.00
Stuart Crystal Litchfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4tall 2 1 2top new
Stuart Crystal Litchfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4tall 2 1 2top new
$79.00
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD  BUTTER PLATE 675
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD BUTTER PLATE 675
$1.99
Olivier Gagnere Designer Franchise Hb 1st Ed Exhibition Book
Olivier Gagnere Designer Franchise Hb 1st Ed Exhibition Book
$34.95
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Compote Vintage
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Compote Vintage
$15.95
VTG WILLIAM ADAMS ENGLISH LEAD CRYSTAL W SILVER RIM 3 PIECE SALAD BOWL SET
VTG WILLIAM ADAMS ENGLISH LEAD CRYSTAL W SILVER RIM 3 PIECE SALAD BOWL SET
$22.50
Pyrex Vision Ware Replacement Round Lid ONLY Amber Glass 85 Diameter V25C
Pyrex Vision Ware Replacement Round Lid ONLY Amber Glass 85 Diameter V25C
$14.99
Pink depression glass footed fruit bowl cold painted  English
Pink depression glass footed fruit bowl cold painted English
$41.22
Pr Candle Holders Single Light White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail
Pr Candle Holders Single Light White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail
$9.00
6 Corelle Beige English Breakfast Set of Six 6 1 8 Soup Cereal Bowls Stripe Rim
6 Corelle Beige English Breakfast Set of Six 6 1 8 Soup Cereal Bowls Stripe Rim
$15.99
10 Corelle Beige English Breakfast Set of Ten 10 1 8 Dinner Plates
10 Corelle Beige English Breakfast Set of Ten 10 1 8 Dinner Plates
$20.99
Corning Corelle Beige English Breakfast 10 x 12 Oval Serving Platter Plate
Corning Corelle Beige English Breakfast 10 x 12 Oval Serving Platter Plate
$12.99
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BASKET
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BASKET
$26.00
Set of 2  Denby Authentic English Ironstone English Brown Barrel Mugs Sets
Set of 2 Denby Authentic English Ironstone English Brown Barrel Mugs Sets
$39.99
Webb English Ivory Cameo hand painted 8Art Glass Vase goldcopper gilt trim
Webb English Ivory Cameo hand painted 8Art Glass Vase goldcopper gilt trim
$115.00
English Art Glass Vaseline Opalescent Single Lily Epergne EPNS Hallmark Stand
English Art Glass Vaseline Opalescent Single Lily Epergne EPNS Hallmark Stand
$122.50
SET OF 2 VINTAGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK WHITE GLASS CANDLE STICK HOLDERS
SET OF 2 VINTAGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK WHITE GLASS CANDLE STICK HOLDERS
$9.99
VINTAGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL FOOTED MILK WHITE GLASS COVERED BOWL
VINTAGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL FOOTED MILK WHITE GLASS COVERED BOWL
$9.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST DINNER PLATE 1025
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST DINNER PLATE 1025
$2.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 18 oz CEREAL SOUP BOWL 625
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 18 oz CEREAL SOUP BOWL 625
$2.99
CORNING CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST SANDSTONE 3 EACH DINNER  BREAD PLATES
CORNING CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST SANDSTONE 3 EACH DINNER BREAD PLATES
$15.99
Corelle Elegant Square Timber Shadows Porcelain 16 Piece Dinnerware Kitchen Set
Corelle Elegant Square Timber Shadows Porcelain 16 Piece Dinnerware Kitchen Set
$100.00
Older Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear High Sherbet Glasses Round Foot
Older Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear High Sherbet Glasses Round Foot
$45.00


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