English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Signed Webb Corbett Hand Cut Glass bowl english pedestal blown blank
Signed Webb Corbett Hand Cut Glass bowl english pedestal blown blank
$39.00
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
$45.00
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Bowl excellent used condition
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Bowl excellent used condition
$29.99
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
$1.95
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
$39.99
Czech English or Scandinavian Modernist Art Glass Pitcher
Czech English or Scandinavian Modernist Art Glass Pitcher
$75.00
Ravenhead England Bark clear glass textured English Art Vase 1960s vgc
Ravenhead England Bark clear glass textured English Art Vase 1960s vgc
$59.06
VINTAGE ENGLISH CUT LEAD CRYSTAL 7 3 4 SERVING BOWL SILVER RING MARKED CELTIC
VINTAGE ENGLISH CUT LEAD CRYSTAL 7 3 4 SERVING BOWL SILVER RING MARKED CELTIC
$14.99
Vintage Lot Barware 4PC Silver Band Whiskey Glasses English German Heraldry
Vintage Lot Barware 4PC Silver Band Whiskey Glasses English German Heraldry
$19.49
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Cranberry Glass Ornament Suncatcher
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Cranberry Glass Ornament Suncatcher
$32.00
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Amethyst Ornament Suncatcher
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Amethyst Ornament Suncatcher
$32.00
Collectible Glassware from 40s 50s 60s Hardcover Gene Florence
Collectible Glassware from 40s 50s 60s Hardcover Gene Florence
$9.99
Vintage Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL White Milk Glass Top Hat And Basket
Vintage Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL White Milk Glass Top Hat And Basket
$14.99
vtg Milk Glass English Hobnail Candy Dish by Westmoreland
vtg Milk Glass English Hobnail Candy Dish by Westmoreland
$37.99
Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Basket
Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Basket
$19.99
Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Candy Dish  Candlestick Holders
Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Candy Dish Candlestick Holders
$56.99
Vintage English mid century Modern look cobalt blue bowl dish Fab retro design
Vintage English mid century Modern look cobalt blue bowl dish Fab retro design
$18.22
New Set of 4 Corning Ware Corelle English Meadow Stove Burner Covers
New Set of 4 Corning Ware Corelle English Meadow Stove Burner Covers
$19.99
DeVilbiss Perfume Bottles  Glass Co 1907 1968 Reference Atomizers 320pgs Photos
DeVilbiss Perfume Bottles Glass Co 1907 1968 Reference Atomizers 320pgs Photos
$62.99
VINTAGE HAZEL ATLAS ENGLISH FOX HUNT MEDIUM TUMBLER EQUESTRIAN HORSE
VINTAGE HAZEL ATLAS ENGLISH FOX HUNT MEDIUM TUMBLER EQUESTRIAN HORSE
$10.00
VINTAGE HAZEL ATLAS ENGLISH FOX HUNT SMALL TUMBLER EQUESTRIAN HORSE
VINTAGE HAZEL ATLAS ENGLISH FOX HUNT SMALL TUMBLER EQUESTRIAN HORSE
$9.50
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
$19.99
Antique Clear Glass EAPG English Hobnail Panelled Goblet
Antique Clear Glass EAPG English Hobnail Panelled Goblet
$5.00
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase  Small Candy Dish
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase Small Candy Dish
$15.00
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 Bread or Dessert Plates 6 3 4 Corning
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 Bread or Dessert Plates 6 3 4 Corning
$7.95
Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Cups Mugs Set of 6
Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Cups Mugs Set of 6
$7.95
Beautiful Glass Wedgewood Abstract English Bird Figurine
Beautiful Glass Wedgewood Abstract English Bird Figurine
$29.00
Corelle English Breakfast Serving Platter 12 1 4 X 10 EUC
Corelle English Breakfast Serving Platter 12 1 4 X 10 EUC
$7.95
Popular 50s and 60s Glass Color Along the River Leslie Pina Price reduced
Popular 50s and 60s Glass Color Along the River Leslie Pina Price reduced
$17.95
Westmoreland English Hobnail Round Divided Relish With Center Well
Westmoreland English Hobnail Round Divided Relish With Center Well
$34.88
375 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Humming Bird with Flower
375 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Humming Bird with Flower
$11.07
4 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Yellow Fairy on Mushroom
4 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Yellow Fairy on Mushroom
$17.58
3 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Green Fairy on Mushroom
3 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Green Fairy on Mushroom
$17.58
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
$14.98
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW 8 oz Creamer EXCELLENT CONDITION
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW 8 oz Creamer EXCELLENT CONDITION
$11.24
3 Inch High English Handmade Glass Pearl White Birthstone Carousel Horse June
3 Inch High English Handmade Glass Pearl White Birthstone Carousel Horse June
$9.77
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW Sugar Bowl  Lid EXCELLENT CONDITION
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW Sugar Bowl Lid EXCELLENT CONDITION
$14.99
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
$14.98
4 Inch High Collectible English Hand Sculpted 22 KT Gold Woven Glass Swans
4 Inch High Collectible English Hand Sculpted 22 KT Gold Woven Glass Swans
$11.07
35 Inch High English Hand Sculpted 22 KT Gold Woven Glass Angel Hold Red Flower
35 Inch High English Hand Sculpted 22 KT Gold Woven Glass Angel Hold Red Flower
$11.07


Recently Purchased English Glass:


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