English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 1 QT SERVING BOWL 32 oz Old English Garden Scrolls
Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 1 QT SERVING BOWL 32 oz Old English Garden Scrolls
$17.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Basket
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Basket
$17.50
Stippled Scroll Early American Pattern Glass Goblet
Stippled Scroll Early American Pattern Glass Goblet
$26.00
Janlina English Flowers casserole dish with lid
Janlina English Flowers casserole dish with lid
$0.99
Pair of Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks 4 inches tall
Pair of Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks 4 inches tall
$21.99
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND WHITE MILK GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL CREAMER ONLY 4 7 8
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND WHITE MILK GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL CREAMER ONLY 4 7 8
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Vintage Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern Round Bowl 6625 Collectible
Vintage Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern Round Bowl 6625 Collectible
$16.19
Vintage Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern Liquor Cocktail Glass 4375
Vintage Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern Liquor Cocktail Glass 4375
$7.19
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
$45.00
English Hobnail Clear Footed Creamer With Square Base By Westmoreland Glass O
English Hobnail Clear Footed Creamer With Square Base By Westmoreland Glass O
$7.19
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
$1.46
English Hobnail Green by Westmoreland 8 Diameter Salad Plate
English Hobnail Green by Westmoreland 8 Diameter Salad Plate
$11.00
ANTIQUE EARLY AMERICAN PATTERN GLASS CRUET
ANTIQUE EARLY AMERICAN PATTERN GLASS CRUET
$35.00
ANTIQUE EARLY AMERICAN PATTERN GLASS CRUET
ANTIQUE EARLY AMERICAN PATTERN GLASS CRUET
$24.99
Blenko Cool 50s and 60s Glass Leslie Pina
Blenko Cool 50s and 60s Glass Leslie Pina
$20.00
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
$35.99
Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Powder Puff Box Jar
Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Powder Puff Box Jar
$24.99
Popular 50s and 60s Glass Color Along the River Leslie Pina
Popular 50s and 60s Glass Color Along the River Leslie Pina
$20.00
VINTAGE ENGLISH CUT LEAD CRYSTAL 8 1 2 SERVING BOWL WITH SILVER RING
VINTAGE ENGLISH CUT LEAD CRYSTAL 8 1 2 SERVING BOWL WITH SILVER RING
$14.50
GLASS by William S Ellis The Story of the Substance that Changed the World
GLASS by William S Ellis The Story of the Substance that Changed the World
$8.49
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast 6 1 2 Bread  Butter Dessert Plates
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast 6 1 2 Bread Butter Dessert Plates
$8.50
Mauzys Depression Glass Collector Price Guide w Fire King  1940s 50s Glass
Mauzys Depression Glass Collector Price Guide w Fire King 1940s 50s Glass
$34.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Handled Basket  Oil Cruet With Stopper Lot of 2
Westmoreland English Hobnail Handled Basket Oil Cruet With Stopper Lot of 2
$21.99
Scandinavian Art Glass ID Book Orrefors Kosta Boda Etc
Scandinavian Art Glass ID Book Orrefors Kosta Boda Etc
$59.95
Vortex English Art Glass Vase signed
Vortex English Art Glass Vase signed
$80.09
ON SALE American Pattern Glass Table Sets ID Book US Fostoria
ON SALE American Pattern Glass Table Sets ID Book US Fostoria
$17.96
Handblown English Langham Glass Studio Crystal Green Multi Color FROG
Handblown English Langham Glass Studio Crystal Green Multi Color FROG
$24.99
Stuart Crystal Beaconsfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4 2 1 2 top new
Stuart Crystal Beaconsfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4 2 1 2 top new
$79.00
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
$19.99
Collectible Glassware from the 40s 50s 60s Value Guide Illustrated Book
Collectible Glassware from the 40s 50s 60s Value Guide Illustrated Book
$3.75
VASELINE GLASS westmoreland english hobnail perfume bottle
VASELINE GLASS westmoreland english hobnail perfume bottle
$35.00
WESTMORELAND GLASS Pink Depression Glass ENGLISH HOBNAIL 3pc Marmalade Jar SET
WESTMORELAND GLASS Pink Depression Glass ENGLISH HOBNAIL 3pc Marmalade Jar SET
$39.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase  Small Candy Dish
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase Small Candy Dish
$15.00
Stuart fine English crystal 1 balloon wine 7 3 4tall new showroom display
Stuart fine English crystal 1 balloon wine 7 3 4tall new showroom display
$79.00
Stuart Crystal Litchfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4tall 2 1 2top new
Stuart Crystal Litchfield fine English crystal 1 brandy 5 1 4tall 2 1 2top new
$79.00
Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Footed Vase
Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Footed Vase
$5.99
Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Basket 9
Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Basket 9
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Imperial Glass Pattern ID Guide Vol 1 A Cane Candlewick
Imperial Glass Pattern ID Guide Vol 1 A Cane Candlewick
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Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Handled Nappy
Westmoreland Glass Milk Glass English Hobnail Handled Nappy
$5.99
SET OF 4 RARE WWII GLASS TUMBLERS VICTORY MORSE V ENGLISH LION 8 OZ
SET OF 4 RARE WWII GLASS TUMBLERS VICTORY MORSE V ENGLISH LION 8 OZ
$69.95


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