English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

ENGLISH CONCENTRIC PAPERWEIGHT POSSIBLE BACCHUS C1850
ENGLISH CONCENTRIC PAPERWEIGHT POSSIBLE BACCHUS C1850
$955.51
9 Pieces Corelle by Corning White English Meadow Swirl 3 cups 6 Saucers
9 Pieces Corelle by Corning White English Meadow Swirl 3 cups 6 Saucers
$11.99
VINTAGE  ENGLISH BONE CHINA  BLUE PRINT  LARGE TANKARD MUG
VINTAGE ENGLISH BONE CHINA BLUE PRINT LARGE TANKARD MUG
$40.00
LARGE WESTMORELAND HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BANANA BOWL CENTERPIECE ENGLISH HOBNAIL
LARGE WESTMORELAND HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BANANA BOWL CENTERPIECE ENGLISH HOBNAIL
$24.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Crimped Milk Glass Rose Vase
Westmoreland English Hobnail Crimped Milk Glass Rose Vase
$18.49
Signed Book Dartington Glass The First Twenty Years 1967 1987 Frank Thrower
Signed Book Dartington Glass The First Twenty Years 1967 1987 Frank Thrower
$106.17
LE SMITH MILK GLASS LARGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL FOOTED ASHTRAY 90
LE SMITH MILK GLASS LARGE ENGLISH HOBNAIL FOOTED ASHTRAY 90
$5.00
Handblown English Langham Glass Studio Huge Crystal TOUCAN BirdMint In BOX
Handblown English Langham Glass Studio Huge Crystal TOUCAN BirdMint In BOX
$195.00
Corelle Dishes English Breakfast Beige Set Of 4 Small Berry Or Dessert Bowls
Corelle Dishes English Breakfast Beige Set Of 4 Small Berry Or Dessert Bowls
$16.95
ANTIQUE BLUE SMALL SIZED GLASS JUGS SILVER PLATED BASE RARE 1870 ENGLISH
ANTIQUE BLUE SMALL SIZED GLASS JUGS SILVER PLATED BASE RARE 1870 ENGLISH
$380.00
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
$24.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 4 Bread  Butter Plates 6 3 4 in
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 4 Bread Butter Plates 6 3 4 in
$14.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 9 Coupe Soup Cereal Bowls 6
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 9 Coupe Soup Cereal Bowls 6
$39.99
Westmoreland White English Hobnail Geometric Covered Candy
Westmoreland White English Hobnail Geometric Covered Candy
$19.95
Godinger Coronado Clear Glass Wine Caddy
Godinger Coronado Clear Glass Wine Caddy
$19.21
Vintage Princess House Old English Ironstone Tankard Mug Made in England 1970s
Vintage Princess House Old English Ironstone Tankard Mug Made in England 1970s
$9.99
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks Set of 2 3 7 8
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks Set of 2 3 7 8
$19.99
CORELLE CORNING ENGLISH BREAKFAST set of 6 MUGS
CORELLE CORNING ENGLISH BREAKFAST set of 6 MUGS
$7.95
11 Corning Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Coffee Mugs Cups
11 Corning Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Coffee Mugs Cups
$29.99
DeVilbiss Perfume Bottles  Glass Co 1907 1968 Reference Atomizers 320pgs Photos
DeVilbiss Perfume Bottles Glass Co 1907 1968 Reference Atomizers 320pgs Photos
$69.99
Westmoreland English ivy Bowl style is called texture 1940
Westmoreland English ivy Bowl style is called texture 1940
$14.95
THOMAS WEBB ENGLISH PEACHBLOW CASED GLASS VASE JULES BARBE DECORATION
THOMAS WEBB ENGLISH PEACHBLOW CASED GLASS VASE JULES BARBE DECORATION
$699.99
PAIR 19th C ENGLISH THOMAS WEBB BURMESE MINIATURE PEDESTAL VASES SIGNED
PAIR 19th C ENGLISH THOMAS WEBB BURMESE MINIATURE PEDESTAL VASES SIGNED
$899.99
2 Quart Glass Bakeware Dish Set Of 2
2 Quart Glass Bakeware Dish Set Of 2
$41.32
CORELLE DINNERWARE ENGLISH BREAKFAST DESSERT PLATES 4 PCS
CORELLE DINNERWARE ENGLISH BREAKFAST DESSERT PLATES 4 PCS
$11.99
Corelle 6 3 4 Plates English Breakfast Set of 4
Corelle 6 3 4 Plates English Breakfast Set of 4
$6.80
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Creamer Sugar  2 Candle Holders
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Creamer Sugar 2 Candle Holders
$12.95
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Top Hat Toothpick Holder
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Top Hat Toothpick Holder
$15.00
Westmoreland English Hobnail Square Ashtray Amber
Westmoreland English Hobnail Square Ashtray Amber
$10.00
Five Miss America 6 1 4 Fruit Berry Bowls Dish 1930s Diamond English Hobnail
Five Miss America 6 1 4 Fruit Berry Bowls Dish 1930s Diamond English Hobnail
$40.00
English Medieval  Rennaissance Weald Glass Glassmakers in Surrey
English Medieval Rennaissance Weald Glass Glassmakers in Surrey
$24.00
Vintage Green English Hobnail Hex Footed Creamer Westmoreland Glass Co
Vintage Green English Hobnail Hex Footed Creamer Westmoreland Glass Co
$11.21
MINT Vintage MILK GLASS Creamer ENGLISH HOBNAIL Footed PITCHER Westmoreland
MINT Vintage MILK GLASS Creamer ENGLISH HOBNAIL Footed PITCHER Westmoreland
$6.99
Westmoreland Vase White Milk Glass Marked English Hobnail Crimped Rim Footed
Westmoreland Vase White Milk Glass Marked English Hobnail Crimped Rim Footed
$19.99
RARE ENGLISH FLINT Canary Vaseline  INTRICATELY Patterned  SUGAR
RARE ENGLISH FLINT Canary Vaseline INTRICATELY Patterned SUGAR
$125.00
English Crystal Cut Glass Muffineer Sugar Shaker with Regis Plated Fancy Cap
English Crystal Cut Glass Muffineer Sugar Shaker with Regis Plated Fancy Cap
$14.75
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND AMBER GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PEDESTAL OPEN SALT CELLAR DIP
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND AMBER GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PEDESTAL OPEN SALT CELLAR DIP
$14.99
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND CRYSTAL GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PEDESTAL OPEN SALT CELLAR DIP
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND CRYSTAL GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PEDESTAL OPEN SALT CELLAR DIP
$7.99
Mikasa ENGLISH GARDEN Crystal Wine Glass Water Goblet 9 Inch New
Mikasa ENGLISH GARDEN Crystal Wine Glass Water Goblet 9 Inch New
$140.00
westmoreland english hobnail CLEAR cordial BIDDING ON 1 ONLY 3 3 8 tall nr
westmoreland english hobnail CLEAR cordial BIDDING ON 1 ONLY 3 3 8 tall nr
$6.00


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