English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Pedestal Compote Candy Dish Diamond
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Pedestal Compote Candy Dish Diamond
$15.20
Vintage WESTMORELAND English Hobnail White Milk Glass Jar w Lid
Vintage WESTMORELAND English Hobnail White Milk Glass Jar w Lid
$27.99
Mikasa ENGLISH GARDEN Champagne Flute 359442
Mikasa ENGLISH GARDEN Champagne Flute 359442
$49.99
Vintage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail CRIMPED OVAL BOWL 95 Wide
Vintage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail CRIMPED OVAL BOWL 95 Wide
$25.99
Vintage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail SWUNG Flower VASE 12 Flared
Vintage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail SWUNG Flower VASE 12 Flared
$25.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 2 12 Oval Serving Platters
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 2 12 Oval Serving Platters
$19.99
Big Book Fenton Glass 1940 70 Peach Cranberry Coin Dot
Big Book Fenton Glass 1940 70 Peach Cranberry Coin Dot
$17.95
Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 1 QT SERVING BOWL 32 oz Old English Garden Scrolls
Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 1 QT SERVING BOWL 32 oz Old English Garden Scrolls
$13.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Basket
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Basket
$17.50
PAIR OF WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL TOPSY TURVY 4 MILK GLASS CANDLESTICKS
PAIR OF WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL TOPSY TURVY 4 MILK GLASS CANDLESTICKS
$21.99
Very Nice Vtg English Hobnail With Oval Panels 6 1 8 Tall Goblet Unknown Maker
Very Nice Vtg English Hobnail With Oval Panels 6 1 8 Tall Goblet Unknown Maker
$7.99
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
English Hobnail 3 Footed Covered Candy Dish Pink
$45.00
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 6 3 4 SALAD BREAD PLATE
$1.46
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
VINTAGE ENGLISH CRYSTAL JAM JAR SET WITH SHEFFIELD SILVERPLATE SPOONS
$19.99
Czech English or Scandinavian Modernist Art Glass Pitcher
Czech English or Scandinavian Modernist Art Glass Pitcher
$75.00
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 4 Dinner Plates
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 4 Dinner Plates
$19.95
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 4 Cereal Bowls
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 4 Cereal Bowls
$14.95
Vintage Lot Barware 4PC Silver Band Whiskey Glasses English German Heraldry
Vintage Lot Barware 4PC Silver Band Whiskey Glasses English German Heraldry
$19.49
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Cranberry Glass Ornament Suncatcher
Witch Ball Kitras 6 Olde English Friendship Cranberry Glass Ornament Suncatcher
$32.00
ENGLISH HOBNAIL SHAKERS by WESTMORELAND 1920
ENGLISH HOBNAIL SHAKERS by WESTMORELAND 1920
$5.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Pattern Clear Glass Luncheon Salad Plate MINT
Westmoreland English Hobnail Pattern Clear Glass Luncheon Salad Plate MINT
$9.99
3 Vintage English Ironstone Ceramic Bowls Blue And White Made In England
3 Vintage English Ironstone Ceramic Bowls Blue And White Made In England
$27.00
Westmoreland English Hobnail Round Base Candy Dish No Lid 4 1 4 Tall Clear Dish
Westmoreland English Hobnail Round Base Candy Dish No Lid 4 1 4 Tall Clear Dish
$24.00
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
Vintage Corning Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Tea Cups Set of 5 EUC
$19.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase  Small Candy Dish
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Diamond Cut Fan Vase Small Candy Dish
$15.00
Westmoreland English Hobnail Pattern Scroll Handled Ice Bucket Tub
Westmoreland English Hobnail Pattern Scroll Handled Ice Bucket Tub
$29.95
OPALESCENT GLASS FROM A Z WILLIAM HEACOCK JOANN ELMORE REVISED 2000 EDITION
OPALESCENT GLASS FROM A Z WILLIAM HEACOCK JOANN ELMORE REVISED 2000 EDITION
$9.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail Finger Bowls Set of 6
Westmoreland English Hobnail Finger Bowls Set of 6
$47.50
Westmoreland English Hobnail Footed Tumblers 9 oz Set of 6
Westmoreland English Hobnail Footed Tumblers 9 oz Set of 6
$55.00
375 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Humming Bird with Flower
375 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Humming Bird with Flower
$11.04
4 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Yellow Fairy on Mushroom
4 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Yellow Fairy on Mushroom
$17.53
3 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Green Fairy on Mushroom
3 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Green Fairy on Mushroom
$17.53
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
$14.93
EAPG Glass Scuttle Toothpick Figural English Hobnail AMBER COLOR
EAPG Glass Scuttle Toothpick Figural English Hobnail AMBER COLOR
$14.00
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW 8 oz Creamer EXCELLENT CONDITION
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW 8 oz Creamer EXCELLENT CONDITION
$10.49
Pedestal Candy Dish English Hobnail Ruffled Edges Amber Glass Westmoreland
Pedestal Candy Dish English Hobnail Ruffled Edges Amber Glass Westmoreland
$20.00
3 Inch High English Handmade Glass Pearl White Birthstone Carousel Horse June
3 Inch High English Handmade Glass Pearl White Birthstone Carousel Horse June
$9.74
Corelle English Meadow Set of 4 Bread Dessert or Side Plates Swirl Blue Trim
Corelle English Meadow Set of 4 Bread Dessert or Side Plates Swirl Blue Trim
$14.99
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW Sugar Bowl  Lid EXCELLENT CONDITION
LQQK Corelle ENGLISH MEADOW Sugar Bowl Lid EXCELLENT CONDITION
$13.99
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
5 Inch High Collectible English Handmade Glass Gazelle
$14.93


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