English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Vintage St George Two Piece Mini English Biscuit Barrel
Vintage St George Two Piece Mini English Biscuit Barrel
$27.00
ENGLISH Crystal WILLOW Pattern Large Fruit Bowl 3 3 4
ENGLISH Crystal WILLOW Pattern Large Fruit Bowl 3 3 4
$163.71
ENGLISH Crystal WILLOW Pattern Large Fruit Bowl 4
ENGLISH Crystal WILLOW Pattern Large Fruit Bowl 4
$163.71
4 Corelle LIGHT BLUE 11 oz MUGS Stoneware Crystal Frost Country Cottage English
4 Corelle LIGHT BLUE 11 oz MUGS Stoneware Crystal Frost Country Cottage English
$16.99
VINTAGE Westmoreland English Hobnail Compote square bottom Original label
VINTAGE Westmoreland English Hobnail Compote square bottom Original label
$12.99
VIntage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Basket Original label
VIntage Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Basket Original label
$4.99
5 Stemware Pressed Depression Glass Water Goblet English Hobnail 6 1 8 Clear
5 Stemware Pressed Depression Glass Water Goblet English Hobnail 6 1 8 Clear
$22.50
V25C Corning Ware Vision Pyrex V 25 C Amber Lid VG Condition Free Shipping
V25C Corning Ware Vision Pyrex V 25 C Amber Lid VG Condition Free Shipping
$12.88
Set of 8 Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST bread  butter dessert plate mauve blue
Set of 8 Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST bread butter dessert plate mauve blue
$19.99
Vintage JAJ English Pyrex retro sixties Casserole Dish Lid sauce Boat Rose hip
Vintage JAJ English Pyrex retro sixties Casserole Dish Lid sauce Boat Rose hip
$19.75
Milk Glass Marmalade Jar Condiment Jar Westmoreland English Hobnail
Milk Glass Marmalade Jar Condiment Jar Westmoreland English Hobnail
$18.00
Set of 10 Signed Webb English Cut Crystal Port Wine Stems
Set of 10 Signed Webb English Cut Crystal Port Wine Stems
$262.50
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL WHITE FOOTED OPEN SUGAR BOWL DISH 2 HANDLES
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL WHITE FOOTED OPEN SUGAR BOWL DISH 2 HANDLES
$11.00
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Oval Bowl Raised Diamond Starburst DD379
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Oval Bowl Raised Diamond Starburst DD379
$45.00
Art glass Art Deco vase lamp base English Scotland red green Montcrieff Monart
Art glass Art Deco vase lamp base English Scotland red green Montcrieff Monart
$500.00
Vtg Fenton Glass DaisyButton Olde English Basket
Vtg Fenton Glass DaisyButton Olde English Basket
$9.99
Rare English Victorian Art Glass Thorne and Apple Vase
Rare English Victorian Art Glass Thorne and Apple Vase
$950.00
IMPERIAL CRYSTAL ENGLISH compote candy dish
IMPERIAL CRYSTAL ENGLISH compote candy dish
$9.99
Amber English Hobnail depression square glass dish
Amber English Hobnail depression square glass dish
$8.95
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Set Footed Bowl and Candlesticks
Westmoreland White Milk Glass English Hobnail Set Footed Bowl and Candlesticks
$9.99
English 60s Dartington Glass Block Vase Kingfisher Blue Frank Thrower design
English 60s Dartington Glass Block Vase Kingfisher Blue Frank Thrower design
$11.79
English 70s Dartington 2 Champagne glasses Frank Thrower 245 5 Boxed Ref1
English 70s Dartington 2 Champagne glasses Frank Thrower 245 5 Boxed Ref1
$11.79
English 70s Dartington 2 Champagne glasses Frank Thrower 245 5 Boxed Ref2
English 70s Dartington 2 Champagne glasses Frank Thrower 245 5 Boxed Ref2
$11.79
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Dinner Plates 10 1 4 dia  Retired EUC
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Dinner Plates 10 1 4 dia Retired EUC
$12.18
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Desert Plates 6 3 4 dia  Retired EUC
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Desert Plates 6 3 4 dia Retired EUC
$8.18
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Mugs Retired EUC
Set of 4 Corelle English Breakfast Mugs Retired EUC
$7.80
Corning Pyrex P 81 C Round Glass Lid for P 81 B Corning 6in Pan
Corning Pyrex P 81 C Round Glass Lid for P 81 B Corning 6in Pan
$3.00
Set of 6 Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Round Base 9 Ounce Water Goblets
Set of 6 Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Round Base 9 Ounce Water Goblets
$24.99
DEPRESSION WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CUP  SLIGHTLY CURVED SAUCER
DEPRESSION WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CUP SLIGHTLY CURVED SAUCER
$3.00
Pair of Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Cone Candlestick Lamp Bases
Pair of Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Cone Candlestick Lamp Bases
$19.99
Milk Glass English Hobnail Diamond Point Ruffled Square Candy Dish 6 x 6 Vintage
Milk Glass English Hobnail Diamond Point Ruffled Square Candy Dish 6 x 6 Vintage
$19.00
12 1 2 Cobalt Blue English Nailsea glass rolling pin circa 1840 1860 Two Ships
12 1 2 Cobalt Blue English Nailsea glass rolling pin circa 1840 1860 Two Ships
$45.00
Lovely Pair English Bristol Glass Large Ewers Gilt  Floral Decoration
Lovely Pair English Bristol Glass Large Ewers Gilt Floral Decoration
$70.00
DEPRESSION WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CUP  SLIGHTLY FLAT SAUCER
DEPRESSION WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CUP SLIGHTLY FLAT SAUCER
$3.00
DEPRESSN WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CLEAR POINTED RIM 8 3 8 LUNCHEON PLATE
DEPRESSN WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL CLEAR POINTED RIM 8 3 8 LUNCHEON PLATE
$4.00
Estate Found Antique English Ridgeways Pottery Bowl w Beautiful Woman Picture
Estate Found Antique English Ridgeways Pottery Bowl w Beautiful Woman Picture
$59.00
Lot of 8 Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Sherbet Champage CUPS  Round Base
Lot of 8 Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear Sherbet Champage CUPS Round Base
$5.00
RARE SOWERBY English Victorian Purple Malachite Slag Glass Spill Vase
RARE SOWERBY English Victorian Purple Malachite Slag Glass Spill Vase
$129.99
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Candlesticks
$24.99
Set of 5 Corelle English Breakfast Bread and Butter Dessert Plates
Set of 5 Corelle English Breakfast Bread and Butter Dessert Plates
$8.00


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