English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

ENGLISH HOBNAIL CRYSTAL 1 1 2 OUNCE WHISKEY TUMBLER
ENGLISH HOBNAIL CRYSTAL 1 1 2 OUNCE WHISKEY TUMBLER
$11.95
Vintage Beautiful Small Basket Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail 1920 1985
Vintage Beautiful Small Basket Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail 1920 1985
$11.04
Fenton Glass Hobnail Pattern book Cranberry Opalescent
Fenton Glass Hobnail Pattern book Cranberry Opalescent
$44.99
Westmoreland Glass Clear Crystal w Yellow Band English Hobnail 75 Square Plate
Westmoreland Glass Clear Crystal w Yellow Band English Hobnail 75 Square Plate
$17.99
A Guide to Sandwich Glass Vases Colognes and Stoppers by Barlow Kaiser
A Guide to Sandwich Glass Vases Colognes and Stoppers by Barlow Kaiser
$20.18
Antique Lamps THE HANDEL LAMPS BOOK In Depth Book by Hibel  Fontaine FreeShip
Antique Lamps THE HANDEL LAMPS BOOK In Depth Book by Hibel Fontaine FreeShip
$49.95
Antique English or American Cut Crystal Cruet Condiment set crystal glass stand
Antique English or American Cut Crystal Cruet Condiment set crystal glass stand
$375.00
MATCHED PAIR 19th CENTURY VICTORIAN ENGLISH ENAMELED BRISTOL GLASS VASES
MATCHED PAIR 19th CENTURY VICTORIAN ENGLISH ENAMELED BRISTOL GLASS VASES
$34.99
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 8 1 2 SERVING VEG BOWL SANDSTONE SALMON PINK ROSE
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST 8 1 2 SERVING VEG BOWL SANDSTONE SALMON PINK ROSE
$19.99
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST PLATTER 12 x 10 SANDSTONE SALMON PINK ROSE BLUE RIBBON
CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST PLATTER 12 x 10 SANDSTONE SALMON PINK ROSE BLUE RIBBON
$19.99
Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail Sugar  Creamer Square Base
Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail Sugar Creamer Square Base
$45.00
5 Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail 750 Square Plates
5 Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail 750 Square Plates
$95.00
Bakers Dozen Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail Sherbets Square Base
Bakers Dozen Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail Sherbets Square Base
$89.99
2 Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail 5 Compotes Square Base
2 Vintage Westmoreland Clear Glass English Hobnail 5 Compotes Square Base
$49.99
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND TWO TIER TRAY ENGLISH HOBNAILCLEAR GLASS
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND TWO TIER TRAY ENGLISH HOBNAILCLEAR GLASS
$27.99
Antique Sandwich Glass ID Book V1 Tableware Cups Plate
Antique Sandwich Glass ID Book V1 Tableware Cups Plate
$29.95
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND CLEAR GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PATTERN 4 PART DIVIDED DISH
VINTAGE WESTMORELAND CLEAR GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL PATTERN 4 PART DIVIDED DISH
$18.99
Corning Ware English Meadow F 1 B French White Casserole Souffle 25L Corelle
Corning Ware English Meadow F 1 B French White Casserole Souffle 25L Corelle
$22.06
Corning USA 29 English Breakfast White With Blue  Pink Florals Coffee Mug Cup
Corning USA 29 English Breakfast White With Blue Pink Florals Coffee Mug Cup
$4.79
Set of 4 Corelle English Meadows Mugs Cups
Set of 4 Corelle English Meadows Mugs Cups
$10.50
Corelle English Breakfast Pink Rosebuds  Blue Accents Coffee Cup by Corning
Corelle English Breakfast Pink Rosebuds Blue Accents Coffee Cup by Corning
$5.00
Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK GLASS Crimped Oval Bowl 4550926
Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL MILK GLASS Crimped Oval Bowl 4550926
$14.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass Top Hat Match Cigarette Toothpick Holder English Hobnail
Westmoreland Milk Glass Top Hat Match Cigarette Toothpick Holder English Hobnail
$9.99
Lovely Crystal Orrefors VaseGirl looking at the Moon
Lovely Crystal Orrefors VaseGirl looking at the Moon
$75.00
LARGE Very Cool JIM DONOFRIO English POINTER Hunting DOG Art Glass PAPERWEIGHT
LARGE Very Cool JIM DONOFRIO English POINTER Hunting DOG Art Glass PAPERWEIGHT
$1,400.00
Collectible Glassware from the 40s 50s 60s Hardcover 10th Edition
Collectible Glassware from the 40s 50s 60s Hardcover 10th Edition
$14.99
ENGLISH HOBNAIL PATTERN 6 AMBER GLASS COMPOTE
ENGLISH HOBNAIL PATTERN 6 AMBER GLASS COMPOTE
$11.24
Pre 1940 Sowerby Works The Covered Hen English Carnival Glass Rich Marigold
Pre 1940 Sowerby Works The Covered Hen English Carnival Glass Rich Marigold
$96.00
Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail 8 inch 6 Point Bowl
Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail 8 inch 6 Point Bowl
$14.99
Antique Blown Glass Cruet English Hobnail Pattern Small Size
Antique Blown Glass Cruet English Hobnail Pattern Small Size
$34.99
Boyd Art Glass SKIPPY DOG Figurine ENGLISH YEW Free Shipping
Boyd Art Glass SKIPPY DOG Figurine ENGLISH YEW Free Shipping
$11.95
Corning ENGLISH MEADOW Gravy Boat  Underplate
Corning ENGLISH MEADOW Gravy Boat Underplate
$22.00
Two Green English Hobnail Depression Glass 4 1 2 Inch Square Ashtrays Dishes
Two Green English Hobnail Depression Glass 4 1 2 Inch Square Ashtrays Dishes
$20.00
12 pc CORELLE Boutique BELLA FAENZA Dinnerware Set OLD ENGLISH GARDEN SCROLL
12 pc CORELLE Boutique BELLA FAENZA Dinnerware Set OLD ENGLISH GARDEN SCROLL
$70.54
Lovely ENGLISH HOBNAIL CRANBERRY Flash GLASS WESTMORELAND PEDESTAL CANDY DISH
Lovely ENGLISH HOBNAIL CRANBERRY Flash GLASS WESTMORELAND PEDESTAL CANDY DISH
$29.88
Westmoreland Glass EAPG Buckle with English Hobnail 6 Trumpet Vase EXC
Westmoreland Glass EAPG Buckle with English Hobnail 6 Trumpet Vase EXC
$5.95
Corelle Impressions by Corning English Meadow Sugar  Creamer Set Japan 6018389
Corelle Impressions by Corning English Meadow Sugar Creamer Set Japan 6018389
$35.77
VICTORIAN CZECH or ENGLISH  SPATTER ART GLASS BASKET w THORN HANDLE WELZ
VICTORIAN CZECH or ENGLISH SPATTER ART GLASS BASKET w THORN HANDLE WELZ
$37.43
Mikasa Crystal Water Goblets English Garden set of 2 New in Box
Mikasa Crystal Water Goblets English Garden set of 2 New in Box
$62.99
Set of 4 Corning USA coffee mugs D Handle English Breakfast Blue Peach Flowers
Set of 4 Corning USA coffee mugs D Handle English Breakfast Blue Peach Flowers
$8.00


Recently Purchased English Glass:


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