English Glass

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Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Pink Depression Glass Diamond Cut English Hobnail Pattern Vintage Dish Plate
Pink Depression Glass Diamond Cut English Hobnail Pattern Vintage Dish Plate
$10.00
Vintage Corelle English Breakfast Oval Serving Platter Off White Floral Design
Vintage Corelle English Breakfast Oval Serving Platter Off White Floral Design
$25.00
Mikasa English Garden Two Crystal Glasses 9 Goblets NEW in box
Mikasa English Garden Two Crystal Glasses 9 Goblets NEW in box
$100.00
Mikasa English Garden Two Crystal Champagne Flute Glasses NEW in box
Mikasa English Garden Two Crystal Champagne Flute Glasses NEW in box
$100.00
LOVELY ANTIQUE ENGLISH WEBB QUEENS BURMESE MINIATURE ENAMEL DECORATED VASE
LOVELY ANTIQUE ENGLISH WEBB QUEENS BURMESE MINIATURE ENAMEL DECORATED VASE
$499.99
Corning Corelle English Breakfast Cup Mug Pink  Blue Floral Set of 4
Corning Corelle English Breakfast Cup Mug Pink Blue Floral Set of 4
$9.00
Corning Corelle English Set of 4 Breakfast Bread Plate 6 3 4
Corning Corelle English Set of 4 Breakfast Bread Plate 6 3 4
$7.99
Waterford English Crystal Clock Neiman Marcus
Waterford English Crystal Clock Neiman Marcus
$29.00
English Davidson Chippendale Vaseline Opalescent Cup Plate
English Davidson Chippendale Vaseline Opalescent Cup Plate
$75.00
Vintage Northwood Louis XV Custard Spooner Bowl 1898 English Romantic Regency
Vintage Northwood Louis XV Custard Spooner Bowl 1898 English Romantic Regency
$29.60
Vintage Old English Threading Indiana Ribbed Clear Glass Large Egg Cup Tumbler
Vintage Old English Threading Indiana Ribbed Clear Glass Large Egg Cup Tumbler
$8.50
Tally Ho Tea Cup Blue White English Perfect Condition
Tally Ho Tea Cup Blue White English Perfect Condition
$10.00
Lovely English Theme with Horse and Coach Etched Candy Dish
Lovely English Theme with Horse and Coach Etched Candy Dish
$19.95
Vintage West Moreland Amber English Hobnail Compote
Vintage West Moreland Amber English Hobnail Compote
$13.00
Lot 3 Older Various Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear CreamerGrapefruit Bowl +
Lot 3 Older Various Westmoreland English Hobnail Clear CreamerGrapefruit Bowl +
$5.00
Corelle Plates Dessert Bread 4 Small 6 3 4 English Breakfast Rose Pink Rose
Corelle Plates Dessert Bread 4 Small 6 3 4 English Breakfast Rose Pink Rose
$17.99
Corelle Mugs Lot of 3 Vintage English Breakfast Rose Corning Ware Pink Roses
Corelle Mugs Lot of 3 Vintage English Breakfast Rose Corning Ware Pink Roses
$17.99
4 Corelle English Breakfast Bowls
4 Corelle English Breakfast Bowls
$12.00
5 Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Cups
5 Corelle English Breakfast Coffee Cups
$12.50
RARE Westmoreland English Hobnail 9 1 2 Basket in Green Carnival Opalesent
RARE Westmoreland English Hobnail 9 1 2 Basket in Green Carnival Opalesent
$69.95
staffodshire english 19th century salt cellar luscious flowers
staffodshire english 19th century salt cellar luscious flowers
$23.00
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
$24.99
4 Corelle English Breakfast Bread  Butter Plates 63 4
4 Corelle English Breakfast Bread Butter Plates 63 4
$12.50
Westmoreland Glass Clear Crystal English Hobnail Pattern Cup  Saucer Set  s
Westmoreland Glass Clear Crystal English Hobnail Pattern Cup Saucer Set s
$14.39
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Oval Pedestal Bowl Sticker
Westmoreland English Hobnail Milk Glass Oval Pedestal Bowl Sticker
$14.99
Corning gravy boat bowl English Meadow
Corning gravy boat bowl English Meadow
$6.50
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNIAL WHITE MILK GLASS 1 10 1 2 DIINER PLATE 3 R
WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNIAL WHITE MILK GLASS 1 10 1 2 DIINER PLATE 3 R
$35.00
Two Hundred Years of American Blown Glass McKearin
Two Hundred Years of American Blown Glass McKearin
$23.00
Corelle By Corning English Breakfast Set Of 7 Dinner Plates Cream 025 Across
Corelle By Corning English Breakfast Set Of 7 Dinner Plates Cream 025 Across
$29.99
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail  Ball Vase 7 Tall See Pics
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Ball Vase 7 Tall See Pics
$29.99
Vintage English Hobnail White Milk Glass Square Base 6In Bowl Crimped
Vintage English Hobnail White Milk Glass Square Base 6In Bowl Crimped
$8.31
HAND CUT ENGLISH CRYSTAL TWO 7 CANDLESTICKS SIGNED
HAND CUT ENGLISH CRYSTAL TWO 7 CANDLESTICKS SIGNED
$19.99
5 Spill Vase Blue Malachite Slag Glass Antique English Sowerby or Davidson
5 Spill Vase Blue Malachite Slag Glass Antique English Sowerby or Davidson
$74.99
CORNING CORELLE DISCONTINUED ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD  BUTTER PLATE 6 3 4 EUC
CORNING CORELLE DISCONTINUED ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD BUTTER PLATE 6 3 4 EUC
$2.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Pattern 55d Crimped Rim Footed Vase
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Pattern 55d Crimped Rim Footed Vase
$19.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Bowl Vase Ruffled
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Bowl Vase Ruffled
$18.00
PERFECT Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass ENGLISH HOBNAIL Ivy Ball Vase
PERFECT Vintage Westmoreland Milk Glass ENGLISH HOBNAIL Ivy Ball Vase
$12.50
PERFECT PAIR Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL Milk Glass CANDLESTICKS
PERFECT PAIR Westmoreland ENGLISH HOBNAIL Milk Glass CANDLESTICKS
$9.95
Corelle Dishes English Breakfast Beige Flared Suprema Cups Set Of 5
Corelle Dishes English Breakfast Beige Flared Suprema Cups Set Of 5
$21.90
Vintage Pyrex Glass Measuring Cup Red Letters Metric  English 1 Cup Capacity
Vintage Pyrex Glass Measuring Cup Red Letters Metric English 1 Cup Capacity
$6.68


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