English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

Corelle English Breakfast COFFEE CUP MUG Pink and Blue Flowers
Corelle English Breakfast COFFEE CUP MUG Pink and Blue Flowers
$4.00
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 12 SERVING PLATTER Blue Rim
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 12 SERVING PLATTER Blue Rim
$9.99
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 7 1 4 DESSERT BREAD PLATE
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 7 1 4 DESSERT BREAD PLATE
$3.50
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW Gravy Boat Bowl
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW Gravy Boat Bowl
$9.00
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 85 SERVING BOWL Blue Rim
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW 85 SERVING BOWL Blue Rim
$12.99
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW Coffee Cup and Saucer Blue Rim
Corning Corelle Pink Trio ENGLISH MEADOW Coffee Cup and Saucer Blue Rim
$4.50
Corelle English Breakfast 14 Oz Tumbler 5 7 8 Set of 9 Glasses
Corelle English Breakfast 14 Oz Tumbler 5 7 8 Set of 9 Glasses
$17.50
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Pair Small Bowls
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Pair Small Bowls
$14.99
Corelle English Breakfast Cereal Bowl Set of 4
Corelle English Breakfast Cereal Bowl Set of 4
$2.99
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Ivy Bowl
Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail Ivy Bowl
$12.99
Vtg Westmoreland Glass White Milk English Hobnail Toothpick Holder Hat Made USA
Vtg Westmoreland Glass White Milk English Hobnail Toothpick Holder Hat Made USA
$12.99
Vtg Westmoreland Glass USA 23oz Bulbous English Hobnail Pitcher Made in USA
Vtg Westmoreland Glass USA 23oz Bulbous English Hobnail Pitcher Made in USA
$34.99
Webb English Cut Glass Rock Crystal Green To Clear Wine
Webb English Cut Glass Rock Crystal Green To Clear Wine
$195.00
Miksa 2 9 1 4Clear Crystal English Garden Pattern XY 708 001 Flutes Yr 2000
Miksa 2 9 1 4Clear Crystal English Garden Pattern XY 708 001 Flutes Yr 2000
$12.50
Westmoreland Signed English Hobnail Milk Glass Cone Trumpet Compote Vase
Westmoreland Signed English Hobnail Milk Glass Cone Trumpet Compote Vase
$7.99
Antique English C 1900 Stourbridge Attr Millefiori Paperweight Inkwell
Antique English C 1900 Stourbridge Attr Millefiori Paperweight Inkwell
$325.00
MORGANTOWN crystal OLD ENGLISH Stiegel Green Cocktail  4 1 4
MORGANTOWN crystal OLD ENGLISH Stiegel Green Cocktail 4 1 4
$24.95
MORGANTOWN crystal OLD ENGLISH Stiegel Green Sherbet
MORGANTOWN crystal OLD ENGLISH Stiegel Green Sherbet
$34.95
Kitras Art Glass Olde English Hanging Witch Ball Dark Blue Cobolt
Kitras Art Glass Olde English Hanging Witch Ball Dark Blue Cobolt
$14.99
10 Westmoreland English Hobnail Square Base Champagne Sherry Glasses 2 sizes
10 Westmoreland English Hobnail Square Base Champagne Sherry Glasses 2 sizes
$44.00
CORNING WARE CORELLE 10 x 12 OVAL SERVING PLATTER tray ENGLISH BREAKFAST
CORNING WARE CORELLE 10 x 12 OVAL SERVING PLATTER tray ENGLISH BREAKFAST
$7.00
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
Vintage White Milk Glass Westmoreland English Hobnail Bowl Candlestick set
$31.99
Westmoreland Clear English Hobnail Candy Dish
Westmoreland Clear English Hobnail Candy Dish
$8.00
Pocket Guide to Depression Glass  More 1920S 1960s 1920S 1960s 10th Edition
Pocket Guide to Depression Glass More 1920S 1960s 1920S 1960s 10th Edition
$3.99
HAZEL ATLAS Diamond Squares Candy Dish with English Hobnail pattern Set of 6
HAZEL ATLAS Diamond Squares Candy Dish with English Hobnail pattern Set of 6
$14.99
Corelle Corning ENGLISH BREAKFAST Salad Dessert Plates Set of 4 EUC
Corelle Corning ENGLISH BREAKFAST Salad Dessert Plates Set of 4 EUC
$12.00
CORELLE PINK TRIO ENGLISH MEADOW SWIRL CEREAL SOUP BOWLS SET OF 2 EXCELLENT
CORELLE PINK TRIO ENGLISH MEADOW SWIRL CEREAL SOUP BOWLS SET OF 2 EXCELLENT
$5.99
LARGE WESTMORELAND HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BANANA BOWL CENTERPIECE ENGLISH HOBNAIL
LARGE WESTMORELAND HOBNAIL MILK GLASS BANANA BOWL CENTERPIECE ENGLISH HOBNAIL
$18.74
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 30 piece lot plates bowls mugs platter
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST 30 piece lot plates bowls mugs platter
$45.00
 vintage English glass decanter Late 19th early 20th century Collectible Edh
vintage English glass decanter Late 19th early 20th century Collectible Edh
$150.00
Set Of Two Mugs English Breakfast Corning Corelle Made USA Pink Blue Floral
Set Of Two Mugs English Breakfast Corning Corelle Made USA Pink Blue Floral
$11.99
8 Corelle by Corning English Breakfast Cups Mugs 3 7 8
8 Corelle by Corning English Breakfast Cups Mugs 3 7 8
$16.99
4 Corelle by Corning English Breakfast Cups Mugs 3 1 2
4 Corelle by Corning English Breakfast Cups Mugs 3 1 2
$11.99
Set 4 Corning Corelle English Breakfast Cups Mugs Pink  Blue Floral
Set 4 Corning Corelle English Breakfast Cups Mugs Pink Blue Floral
$9.95
Stained Glass Window Panel ENGLISH GARDEN Abstract Stain Glass Clear Pink
Stained Glass Window Panel ENGLISH GARDEN Abstract Stain Glass Clear Pink
$168.00
THOMAS WEBB ENGLISH CRANBERRY SATIN GLASS VASE GOLD JULES BARBE DECORATION
THOMAS WEBB ENGLISH CRANBERRY SATIN GLASS VASE GOLD JULES BARBE DECORATION
$499.99
ENGLISH HOBNAIL GLASS LARGE RUFFLE CRIMPED SERVING BOWL
ENGLISH HOBNAIL GLASS LARGE RUFFLE CRIMPED SERVING BOWL
$29.99
Vintage English Hobnail Punch Bowl with Cups
Vintage English Hobnail Punch Bowl with Cups
$39.99
DEPRESSION GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL RUFFLED SERVING BOWL
DEPRESSION GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL RUFFLED SERVING BOWL
$12.99
Westmoreland English Hobnail White Milk glass Tophat Toothpick Ring Holder
Westmoreland English Hobnail White Milk glass Tophat Toothpick Ring Holder
$19.99


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