English Glass

Battle of the Giants: Murano Glass vs. Bohemian Glass

Today, glass is created in many countries of the world, and many countries are developing reputation for outstanding glass art. But, for many centuries, there were two places that were producing great glass art - Murano in Italy, and several places in Bohemia, what is today Czech Republic.

Murano glass

Small Italian island Murano, in the Venetian lagoon, was the center of the world glass production from the 14th century. Famous for their blown glass of exquisite shapes and forms, Murano glass artists developed many new techniques that are used even today, such as crystalline glass, enameled glass (smalto), glass with threads of gold (aventurine), multicolored glass (millefiori), milk glass (lattimo), to mention just a few.

Murano glass was also famous for its colors. The ways to color glass was by using different coloring agents and chemicals. A coloring agent was ground, mixed and then melted with the glass. Many of these coloring agents are still used today.

For many centuries, Murano was the center of a lucrative export trade in dinnerware, chandeliers and mirrors. The techniques Venetian glass makers used were kept in great secrecy, so Murano managed to retain the monopoly in glass making for centuries. What made Murano glass so different in composition from all others was that the local quartz pebbles were almost pure silica, ground into very fine sand. Combined with soda ash from the Levant, Murano glass makers were able to produce glass of exceptional quality. It helped that they held a monopoly for the soda ash import.

Bohemian glass

What makes Bohemian glass or bohemian crystal so different from Murano glass is that it is decorated by grinding, the technique called cold-worked glass. This technique was used in Bohemia (today Czech Republic) and Silesia (today Poland) since the 13th century. Many of the best Bohemian glass makes were originally trained in Venice, which was already the world center for the glass making.

Bohemian glass owes its original popularity to the gem faceting fashion that swept Europe in the 14th century. Glass was faceted to imitate real gems in response to the demand for affordable, but nice looking jewelry. This created a large cottage industry for making beads, which are even today the main glass products coming from this region. The technique for making Bohemian glass beads involved pressing melted glass into a mold, allowing the production of thousands of identical copies. The glass beads were then coated by gold or bronze metal finishes.

Competition between Bohemian and Murano glass makers had always been fierce, in spite the fact that they produced very different glass art objects, using very different techniques. Murano was always famous for its unique glass making techniques, for blown glass and for glass objects made by hand, even when it came to glass beads.

The Bohemian glass was cold-worked crystal glass decorated by grinding, and the beads were and are still, made by a machine. This division is extended to the contemporary glass lovers who are also clearly divided to those who prefer one kind of glass over other, particularly when it comes to glass beads. Fortunately for both Murano glass and Czech glass bead makers, there are enough of fans of both kinds, to allow thriving beads industry, and thriving beads making hobby all over the world.

For more information on
murano glass
and
venetian glass
, please feel free to visit our website.

Find English Glass On eBay Below:

VINTAGE MURANO END OF THE DAY JUG PITCHER
VINTAGE MURANO END OF THE DAY JUG PITCHER
$32.43
Bagley Glass English Black Glass Tulip Bowl Vase Posey Red n White Polka Dots
Bagley Glass English Black Glass Tulip Bowl Vase Posey Red n White Polka Dots
$20.99
Corelle English Meadow Set 4 Coffee Mugs Petite Multi Colored Flowers 10 oz
Corelle English Meadow Set 4 Coffee Mugs Petite Multi Colored Flowers 10 oz
$19.99
16 pc CORELLE Boutique BELLA FAENZA Dinnerware Set OLD ENGLISH GARDEN SCROLL
16 pc CORELLE Boutique BELLA FAENZA Dinnerware Set OLD ENGLISH GARDEN SCROLL
$62.99
Corelle English Meadow Set 4 Cereal Soup Bowls Petite Multi Colored Flowers 7
Corelle English Meadow Set 4 Cereal Soup Bowls Petite Multi Colored Flowers 7
$19.99
SET OF 4 CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD SALAD DESSERT PLATES 6 3 4 INCHES
SET OF 4 CORELLE ENGLISH BREAKFAST BREAD SALAD DESSERT PLATES 6 3 4 INCHES
$6.99
Unusual English Retro Wedgwood Emerald Two Tear Green Glass Vase Home Decor
Unusual English Retro Wedgwood Emerald Two Tear Green Glass Vase Home Decor
$13.36
Folded Wave Clear Glass Bowl Vase English Hobnail Diamond Pattern
Folded Wave Clear Glass Bowl Vase English Hobnail Diamond Pattern
$3.99
English hobnail frosted bottom glass pedestal dish tbl5
English hobnail frosted bottom glass pedestal dish tbl5
$7.99
Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern 4 Turqoise Dinner Plates 10
Westmoreland Glass English Hobnail Pattern 4 Turqoise Dinner Plates 10
$200.00
VTG WESTMORELAND GLASS WHITE MILK GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL 6 POINT ROSE BOWL VASE
VTG WESTMORELAND GLASS WHITE MILK GLASS ENGLISH HOBNAIL 6 POINT ROSE BOWL VASE
$15.00
Corelle Corning English Breakfast sandstone Coffee Mugs 3
Corelle Corning English Breakfast sandstone Coffee Mugs 3
$6.00
Vtg Milk Glass English Hobnail Trophy Bowl by Westmoreland 8 Wide x 5 3 4 High
Vtg Milk Glass English Hobnail Trophy Bowl by Westmoreland 8 Wide x 5 3 4 High
$13.99
Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 18 oz SOUP CEREAL BOWL Old English Garden Scrolls
Corelle BOUTIQUE Bella Faenza 18 oz SOUP CEREAL BOWL Old English Garden Scrolls
$5.77
Antique English Vaseline Glass Bowl Circa 1900
Antique English Vaseline Glass Bowl Circa 1900
$195.00
English Hobnail Vasaline Green Glowing Uranium Salt
English Hobnail Vasaline Green Glowing Uranium Salt
$2.99
Corelle Corning Serving Platter English Breakfast Oval Plate with Flowers
Corelle Corning Serving Platter English Breakfast Oval Plate with Flowers
$10.99
English Hobnail 3 3 4 crystal round base pair of candlesticks
English Hobnail 3 3 4 crystal round base pair of candlesticks
$5.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 5 Fruit Dessert Sauce Bowls 5
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 5 Fruit Dessert Sauce Bowls 5
$19.99
Vintage Set of 4 English Hobnail Westmoreland Pink Water Goblets Nice
Vintage Set of 4 English Hobnail Westmoreland Pink Water Goblets Nice
$29.99
Corelle English Breakfast 1 Quart Serving Bowl
Corelle English Breakfast 1 Quart Serving Bowl
$7.99
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Nut Dish w Spoon Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Nut Dish w Spoon Cobalt Insert
$10.00
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Creamer  Sugar w Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Creamer Sugar w Cobalt Insert
$15.00
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
$10.00
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
$10.00
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium Footed Dish w Cobalt Insert
$10.00
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium 2 Egg Cups w Salt Dish Cobalt Insert
Vintage English Mayell Stainless Chromium 2 Egg Cups w Salt Dish Cobalt Insert
$10.00
Westmoreland Antique Vintage ENGLISH HOBNAIL GOLDEN SUNSET Cake Compote Stand
Westmoreland Antique Vintage ENGLISH HOBNAIL GOLDEN SUNSET Cake Compote Stand
$55.00
Corelle Corning Ware English Breakfast Dinner Plate Set 4 Pink flowers scallop
Corelle Corning Ware English Breakfast Dinner Plate Set 4 Pink flowers scallop
$13.95
Pair 1950s Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail 2 Light Taper Candelabra
Pair 1950s Westmoreland Milk Glass English Hobnail 2 Light Taper Candelabra
$33.75
Waterford Bellamont Hall fine English china 1 mug 3 1 4tall 3 1 4top new
Waterford Bellamont Hall fine English china 1 mug 3 1 4tall 3 1 4top new
$59.00
Stuart Winchester fine English crystal 1 boxed pair flutes new perfect condition
Stuart Winchester fine English crystal 1 boxed pair flutes new perfect condition
$119.00
SET LOT 2 Depression Glass PINK WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL 7 1 2 Plate Plates
SET LOT 2 Depression Glass PINK WESTMORELAND ENGLISH HOBNAIL 7 1 2 Plate Plates
$19.99
Vintage English Hobnail Ruffled Olive Green Glass Footed Candy Dish
Vintage English Hobnail Ruffled Olive Green Glass Footed Candy Dish
$15.99
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Ruby Flashed Candy Dish with Lid Cranberry
Vintage Westmoreland English Hobnail Ruby Flashed Candy Dish with Lid Cranberry
$45.99
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 4 BREAD DESSERT 6 3 4 PLATES
Corelle ENGLISH BREAKFAST Set of 4 BREAD DESSERT 6 3 4 PLATES
$5.99
Vintage Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Basket EXCELLENT
Vintage Westmoreland Glass Pink English Hobnail Basket EXCELLENT
$24.95
Westmoreland English Hobnail White Milk Glass Cruet bottle with stopper
Westmoreland English Hobnail White Milk Glass Cruet bottle with stopper
$8.00
VINTAGE ENGLISH WEDGWOOD ART GLASS MUG TANKARD CHURCHILL JASPER CAMEO W BOOKMARK
VINTAGE ENGLISH WEDGWOOD ART GLASS MUG TANKARD CHURCHILL JASPER CAMEO W BOOKMARK
$9.09
Vtg WESTMORELAND Candle stick holders set pair ENGLISH HOBNAIL DIAMOND pattern
Vtg WESTMORELAND Candle stick holders set pair ENGLISH HOBNAIL DIAMOND pattern
$28.95


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